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Essays By High School Students From Twenty Countries
American/Canadian History
Part of the History/Social Studies Web Site for K-12 Teachers

The Menu Choices Below



  1. Canada and North America (British Empire & Commonwealth Land Forces)
  2. Canadian Information By Subject
    An information service developed by the National Library of Canada to provide links to information from Internet resources around the world. The subject arrangement is based on the structure of the Dewey Decimal Classification system.
  3. Canadian Geographical Names - Origins Page
  4. The Nansen Project -- Introduction
    "Nansen was renowned in his day as an explorer, author, athlete, oceanographer, statesman and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. Today, among other feats, he is revered for his work on behalf of refugees that saved many thousands of lives in the aftermath of the First World War."
  5. Canada Heirloom Series: Canada’s Heritage on the Web
  6. The Peopling of Canada (1891-1921): Home Page and The Peopling of Canada: 1946-1976 - Home Page
  7. Digital Collections: 1880's Newfoundland : A Pictorial
  8. Home Page - BC Archives
  9. Canada's Digital Collections - Main Page
    With key links to: Business, Science & Technology, Fine Arts, First Peoples, Geography, Government, History, Canada At War, Canadian History, Places in Canada and Local History, Labour, Literature, Social Sciences, Women.
  11. Canada's Digital Collections - Featured Site Archives
  12. CMCC - Canadian History Hall - Social Progress Gallery
  13. Pier 21 Society
    Celebrate the contributions of immigrant Canadians.
  14. CMCC - Online resources for Canadian heritage
  15. National Archives and the National Library of Canada
  16. Welcome to - Information gateway to Nunavut
    Canada's newest territory.
  17. MADE IN CANADA - index of web pages
  18. Canadian History
  19. Early Canadiana Online / Notre memoire en ligne
    A collaborative research project to provide access to a library of primary sources in Canadian history from the first European contact to the late 19th century. With over 1,100 books and pamphlets, the collection can be searched by keyword, title, author, subject, or publisher or browsed by title or author.
  20. CMCC - Glass Works: The story of glass and glass-making in Canada
  21. Veterans Affairs Canada: An Historical Perspective
    Korean War information.
  22. Heroes Content Page
    Canadian Heroes in Fact and Fiction.
  23. BC Archives Time Machine
    British Columbian histories.
    Canadian Institute for Historical Microreproductions.
  25. Highlights of Canadian Collections
    Lists Museums & Galleries, Special Exhibitions, National Inventories and Professional Resources.
  26. Canadian Heritage Information Network - Réseau canadien d'information sur le patrimoine
  27. Teaching Canadian History
    An excellent page for teachers.
  28. the best part was
    Diary from the Beach family, Charles, Doretta, Lela and Claude, who set out from Cornwall, Ontario on October 18, 1921.
  29. SchoolNet Digital Collections
    See the Mi'kmaq Pages for an idea of the depth of this site.... an exceptional collection produced by young people in Canada.
  30. Canadiana -- The Canadian Resource Page
    See the "Politics and History" section.
  31. This Week in (Western Canadian ) History
    Current week in history, plus an archive of past weeks.
  32. Symbols and Canadian Identity
    Margaret Atwood.
  33. Welcome to DHH / Bienvenue à la DHP
    See the "related links" page while you visit this Canadian military site.
  34. The Canadian Canoe Museum - History
    The site provides excellent examples and descriptions of how history and development is influenced and shaped by geography and technology. See the role of the Canoe in exploring the wilderness, in Native Culture, in the French Empire and the Fur Trade, in Sport and Recreation and as a Symbol for the Twenty-first Century.
  35. CRB Foundation Heritage Project
  36. Heritage Minutes - Index
    Canadian History.
  37. Grade 12 (Canadian) History Internet Resources for High School Teachers in Saskatchewan
  38. The First Trans-Canada Auto Trip
    Crank up the old 1912 REO for the trip.
    Canada and the Second World War, 1939-1945. A vast page -- all in one file. It will take some time to load... Part of the Veterans Affairs Canada: An Historical Perspective, which select key events (especially the wars) in Canadian 20th Century military history, including: The First World War, The Second World War, The Korean War, Other Stories, Native Soldiers - Foreign Battlefields and other interesting tales.
  40. History of the Queen's York Rangers
  41. The Naval Museum of Alberta
  42. Welcome to the Diefenbunker - Canada's Cold War Museum
  43. Welcome to the Canadian War Museum (CWM)
    This rich resource includes information on Archaeology, Ethnology, Folk Culture, History and Living History. Also included are a Children's Museum, National Postal Museum, Library and Archive resources and information on a digitization project. See the newest exhibit "Over the Top"
  44. Canadian Army Units
    Units and organizations, often with a brief unit history.
  45. Yale University Library: Canadian Studies
    A research guide.
  46. Welcome to the Canadian Museum of Civilization (CMC)
    Six levels: (1) Kid's Space (2) Postal Heritage Hall (3) Canada at War Hall (4) Canadian History Hall ¤ Civilizations Hall (5) Folk Arts and Fine Crafts Gallery ¤ Cultural Traditions Hall ¤ Treasures Gallery (6) First Peoples Hall ¤ Archaeology Hall ¤ Information Desk ¤ Park
  47. British Columbia History Internet/WWW Page
  48. The Great Canadian History Page
    Another site that needs a control to turn off the music.
  49. Canada's National History Society
    I enjoyed the visit to The Beaver
  50. Canadian Urban History
    An Internet course manual. Reading a Community: Doing urban history at the local level. Guelph, Ontario, examined in the context of regional, national, and international themes in urban history.
  51. Canada
    Includes: Articles and Theses, Historic Photographs, Census Databases, HBC Post Journals, Maps of the Thompson-Okanagan Region. See Articles and Theses.
  52. MMMN, Hudson's Bay Company Digital Collection - Index
    From ABORIGINAL CULTURES to calendar art.
  53. Explorers of the West Home Page
    B.C. page - Canada. Produced by a retired teacher working with schools across the globe illustrating the journals of early explorers.
  54. Royal Ontario Museum
    Index of Information. This is simply a gold mine of information for some very creative student projects.
  56. H-Canada Subscription Application
  57. Canadian Genealogy and History Links
  59. B.C. Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs WWW Site
    Reference site for treaty negotiation information in B.C. and provides information about the bands and their locations.
  60. Glenbow Welcome
    Links to Contempory, Historic, Modern/Western Canadian Art and Native/Inuit Art Prints. This is a massive archive... See the Site Map for the extended list.
    British Columbia Archives and Records Service. I selected " New Additions, Enhancements, and Initiatives to this Service." See the Visual Records Collections (Covering photographs, paintings, drawings, and prints) and the Photo-Imaging Database (containing over 99,000 textual descriptions of which 6,000 items have on-line images). Also links to a Cartographic Records Pilot Project -- selected images of maps with related textual information. It appears that all the images can be used for non-profit educational purposes. Use for profit requires a fee. " approximately 100,000 images have been described and are readily available for public reference. The collection consists of historic photographs of all types from the earliest to modern forms, depicting the widest range of subjects relating to British Columbia's history and culture, with an emphasis on records created by government ministries." Note...the yellow folders indicate an image is available, rather than an index of an image.
  62. OH! CANADA
    With links to Canadian History. A gateway page for the history of Canada.
  63. History 12
    British Columbia Ministry of Education's Curriculum for History.
  64. National Atlas Information Service - Canada
    See the historical maps. New maps on Acid Rain, Seismicity, Aging Population, Ethnic Diversity, Settlement Pattern, Exploration 1497-1650, Indian Treaties, Native Peoples 1823.
  65. Women in Canadian History
    This page is well worth a close look...Author of two books on women in Canadian history. It includes an extended list of women and brief descriptions of the role/impotance of each.
  66. 1755
    Dedicated to the French soldiers who came to Canada from 1755-1763 for the French in the French and Indian War.
  67. Canadian Heritage - Patrimoine canadien
  68. Women in Canadian History
    Visit the"Woman of the Week" from Canada's past, the History Trivia Question, Interesting Quotes from Women and Coming Events in the field of Women in History.
  69. Canadian Museum of Civilization Corporation home page
    I selected "Site Index" and the browser displayed a huge page of Virtual exhibits.
  70. National Archives of Canada - Archives nationales du Canada
    See the "Introduction to the National Archives" section for a good overview. Key links to: Government Records, Private Collections of Textual Archives, Documentary Art, Photography, Audio-Visual Materials, Maps and Architectural Holdings and Conservation of Documents.
    Also see "A walking historical tour,OLD MONTREAL."
  72. Ontario government Website
  73. Canada's Cultural Celebration! Folklorama 1998-99
  74. The Heritage Post Interactive
    On-line edition of The Heritage Post, a Newsletter for Teachers by The CRB Foundation and Canada Post Corporation. The Post is part of The CRB Foundation Heritage Project. The second issue in online, with a focus on Canadian aviation. Key pages on: Bi-Planes & Bush Pilots, Passengers and Postage, Between the Wars, Grant McConachie, Join the Team, Air Woman.
  75. A Canadian-U.S. Studies Site
  76. Canadian Constitutional Documents
  77. Canadisk Canadian History Archive
    Canadisk is a collection of 2,200 Canadian images, organized into era's and categories.
  78. National Library of Canada
    The Vikings: They Got Here First, But Why Didn't They Stay?* New segment of a larger site "North: Landscape of the Imagination*" Visit the
  79. Site Index before you exit.
  80. CMC - Canada Hall, phase 1
    Canadian history"... unfolds in a space more than 3,000 square metres (32,293 sq. ft.) in area. Life-size settings of buildings and environments from Canadian history are reconstructed, furnished with appropriate artifacts, and often animated by actors. Graphics and text are provided for dislpays on: The Norse, North Atlantic Crossings, Shipboard Life, The Tryworks.
    TAKING ROOT from 1610 to 1800 (Early Acadia, Farm Life, Place de la Nouvelle-France, The Inn, The Shoemaker's House, The Cooper's House, The Hospital) EXPANDING FRONTIERS from 1700 to 1860 (The Fur Trade, Metis Bison Hunters, The Timber Trade, Arriving in Upper Canada).
    TOWNS AND TRADE from 1840 to 1890 (The British Military, An Officer's Room, The Maritime Shipyard, Ontario Town Life, The Merchant's House).

  1. The Early America Review
  2. Front Page
    Created and hosted by the Independence Hall Association in Philadelphia. Our mission is to bring American history to life on the Internet for visitors worldwide.
  3. Catholic Southwest: A Journal of History and Culture
  4. Monticello
    The Home of Thomas Jefferson
  5. Historic Mount Vernon - The Home of Our First President, George Washington
  6. Cultural Readings - Introduction
    Colonization & Print in the Americas. Colonization's impact upon indigenous peoples and Europeans from the 15th through the 19th centuries.
  7. Chronology on the History of Slavery 1619 to 1789
  8. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress
  9. Discovery Online -- A Village Possessed: A True Story of Witchcraft
  10. Thomas Jefferson Papers, Library of Congress
  11. Primary Source Documents
    A massive collection of the literature and documents most relevant to colonial life in America, in chronological order.
  12. Office of Historic Alexandria - Fort Ward Museum
    Fort Ward and the Defenses of Washington.
  13. Jamestown Virtual Colony
  14. Teaching About Jamestown
  15. JamesQuest Home
  16. Spy Letters of the American Revolution -- From the Collections of the Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan
  17. What George Wore And Sally Didn't
  18. Witchcraft in Salem Village
    Verbatim Transcripts of the Legal Documents of the Salem Witchcraft Outbreak of 1692.
  19. Primary Source Documents
    Documents on Early American History.
  20. Thaddeus Kosciuszko
  21. USA: Paristreaty 1763
  22. Apotheosis of George Washington
  23. John Tyler
  24. Spy Letters of the American Revolution -- From the Collections of the Clements Library, Ann Arbor, Michigan
    A visit to the "Teachers Lounge" is a must, as it features some fine classroom activities, including a recipe for invisible ink.
  25. corps.index
    "The Scenario: Meriwether Lewis and William Clark have just returned from their exploration of America in search of the overland link to the Pacific Ocean. Many senators, including yourself, have serious doubts that the expedition accomplished anything more than give Jefferson's pet explorers a chance to use federal funds to pay for their gentlemanly quests."
  26. The Constitution Community main page
    See: Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s), Images of the American Revolution, Eli Whitney's Patent for the Cotton Gin, United States v. Thomas Cooper: A Violation of the Sedition Law, Tally of the 1824 Electoral College Vote, Expansion and Reform (1801-1861), The Lewis and Clark Expedition, Anti-Railroad Propaganda Poster: The Growth of Regionalism, 1800-1860, The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Petition of Amelia Bloomer Regarding Suffrage in the West, The Sioux Treaty of 1868.
  27. Williamsburg Summer Institute
    Wow! Immersion program in early American history "on location" in Williamsburg and nearby Jamestown, with twenty-two teachers and a returning mentor teacher selected for each session. Past Published lessons/reports on-line: The Abolishment of Slavery, Apprenticeships, Bacon's Rebellion, Black Experience at Carter's Grove, Colonial Entertainment, The Colonial Kitchen, Colonial Marriages and Families, Common Colonial Courtesy, Divided Families in the Colonies, Games and Entertainment in Colonial America, Leaf of Gold: Tobacco in Colonial America, Orphans in Williamsburg, Pirates, Pocohontas: Fact or Fable?, The Powhatan Indians, The Raleigh Tavern: Revelry to Revolution, The Role of Women Before and During the Colonial Period, Slave Rebellion and Resistance, Unusual Laws of Colonial America, What Do Graveyards Tell Us?
  28. George and Martha Washington: Portraits from the Presidential Years
    " The portraits reflect the purposes for which they were made: full-length portraits commissioned by political supporters; waist-length and head-and-shoulder images made to fulfill public demand and artists' ambitions; and miniatures given to family and friends as mementos."
  29. Early RepublicCrossroads: Middle School Curriculum
    Lessons and student worksheets... Be sure to navigate to the bottem of the page, which provides links to all of the pages in the series.
  30. History 404: Jacksonian Democracy
  31. James Madison: His Legacy

  32. Thomas Jefferson Papers from the Manuscript Division at the Library of Congress
    Digitized documents to be released in nine Series or groupings, ranging in date from 1606 to 1827. "The documents reflect Jefferson's broad intellectual and political interests and his central role in American politics from the second Continental Congress through his two terms as President, 1801-1809."
  33. Jefferson-Hemings DNA Testing: An On-Line Resource
  34. Thomas Jefferson - My Head and My Heart
  35. Thomas Jefferson Online - Enlightenment
    See the site index for the big picture... This PBS site is a companion site for the film.
  36. Black_History_Month_Index
    Monitor feature that started with a Feburary recognition of Black History... I browsed the site for some time (it is huge) and found the archive (which has a search of articles back to 1980) and did a search on the key words of "Jefferson" and "slavery." You might also visit the "Web Specials" for a host of interesting features.
  37. Welcome to Jefferson National Expansion Memorial
    With links to: Arch History & Architecture, Museum Tour, Old Courthouse, St. Louis History, Films, Educator's Guide, Library/Archives, What's New, Book of the Month, Special Events & Exhibits, National Park Service, St. Louis Info. The actual tour of the museum features: 19th Century History / Explorers / Mountain Men and Trappers Soldiers / American Indians / St. Louis Commerce / Independence, Missouri Farmers / Buffalo Hunters / Miners / Cowboys

  38. The War for American Independence
    The Revolutionary War in Northeastern Pennsylvania.

  39. A Century of Lawmaking for a New Nation
    Revised and updated site. Covers the century after 1773.
  40. Continental Congress and the Constitutional Convention Home Page
    Documents relating to the work of Congress and the drafting and ratification of the Constitution. "Items include extracts of the journals of Congress, resolutions, proclamations, committee reports, treaties, and early printed versions of the United States Constitution and the Declaration of Independence."
  41. Columbus Day
  42. Patrick Henry's Life and Speeches
  43. The Salem Witchcraft Trials
    From the Famous Trials Homepage. Others on-line or under construction: Leopold and Loeb Trial (1924) Scopes "Monkey" Trial (1925), Anti-Evolution Statute, Trial Pictures and Cartoons, Genesis, Biographies of Trial Participants, Dayton, Tennessee, Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan during the trial, Appellate Court Decisions, H.L. Mencken's Reports from Trial, Excerpts from Scopes Trial Transcript, Inherit the Wind, Rosenbergs Trial (1951), Amistad Trials (1839-1840), Bill Haywood Trial (1907).
  44. Salem Witch Museum Education - Salem, Massachusetts
  45. Salem @
    If you lived in Salem, would you be charged?
    Studying the Salem Witch Trials.

  47. Jamestown Virtual Colony
  48. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress
  49. History Links
    Most dealing with the American Revolution.
  50. Ogram's 17th Century New England Links: Index
  51. Welcome to: On the French Frontier 1700-1800
  52. LVA Colonial Records Project
  53. American Revolution TV Theme - Discovery Channel School
    arev98.jpgTo air September 5th through the 9th, 9-10 a.m. ET (check local listings) 10/5-10/9 and repeated 11/9-11/13, 12/14-12/18, 1/18-1/22/99. See the program titles and descriptions at the support site. The curriculum support materials were written by a Social Studies teacher...
  54. The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Maine
  55. Discovery Online, Feuding Founding Fathers
    If you think all was quiet and peaceful in the early Republic, visit this page. Part I: Take that, you licentious fool! Part II: The Pursuit of Crankiness. Part III: Hit me with your best shot.
  56. Modoc War
    A look back at the 1870's war between the U.S. Army and the Modoc tribe over the Klamath Basin.
  57. JOHNNY TREMAIN: The Revolutionary War
    A Webquest adapatation.
  58. Feature : Ancient Architects of the Mississippi
  60. New Netherland Project
    A page for the publication of Dutch documents in New York repositories relating to the seventeenth-century colony of New Netherland.
  61. Yahoo! Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:18th Century:Revolutionary War:People
  62. 18th century Letters from America
  63. Loyalist and British Songs
  64. The Autry Museum of Western Heritage
    Features a nice collection of images from the history of the west in a TOC of categories. Each category has several buttons that (when the cursor slides over them) displays text informaton and the option to click on the button to see the actual image and a more detailed description of the item. Very slick and efficient.
  65. Eric Miller's Homepage
    Eric has composed an excellent collection of lessons and links.
  66. California Mission Internet Trail
    From students at Escondido High School.
  67. The Dutch in the Iroquois Wars
  68. The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of Maine
  69. Front Page
    From the Independence Hall Association, with a focus on the Revolutionary and Colonial periods of U.S. history.
  70. Cabildo
    Site of the Louisiana Purchase Transfer ceremonies in 1803 and the State's most important historical building. Several important historical events took place within the Cabildo and it has been visited by five American Presidents. The emphasis throughout the Cabildo exhibit is on the people of Louisiana, the many diverse ethnic groups who came here and who collectively comprise Louisianians today. For other online exhibits and lessons, see links to 5 other lesson plans on American Indians,The First Families of Louisiana on the Eve of French Settlement, Colonial Louisiana, Louisiana Purchase, Territory to Statehood and the Battle of New Orleans.
  71. Mayflower, MA & New England Families
  72. The Massachusetts Enquirer
    Mayflower, MA & New England Events, People, Life.
  73. Fur trade in Indian territory
    Focus on Oklahoma.
  74. CPL Casimir Pulaski: A Short Biography
  75. Welcome to the User's Guide to the Declaration of Independence: Site of America's Founding
  76. Democracy in America
    The Text Tocqueville's America: 1831 Tocqueville's America: 1997 After reading the Introduction, visit pages on Red, Black and White (Race in 1831) and Everyday Life: 1831, American Religion and American Women: 1820-1842.
  77. Spainpage
    Exhibition and interpretation of Spanish colonial military artifacts from southeastern North America.
  78. American Revolution Links
  79. Pioneer and Colonial American Links
    A simple listing with no graphics or annotation, but very useful.
  80. Drums Along The Mohawk
    Story of the New York frontier during the American Revolution. Overviews, Timelines, Links.
  81. APVA Jamestown Rediscovery
  82. Overmap State History Social Studies Maps Resources
    [Ice Age][Native Americans][Settlement & Exploration][African-American.

  83. LIBERTY! The American Revolution
    Companion Website to LIBERTY! The American Revolution, a series of six one-hour documentaries to be broadcast on PBS November 23, 24, and 25, 9-11 p.m., EST The site provides major links to: CHRONICLE, PERSPECTIVES, LIBERTY TODAY, THE SERIES, THE GAME. For a description of each program, visit the Episode Descriptions page.
  84. The American Revolution
    H-Net link and Web site to suppor the PBS special on the American Revolution. Currently featuring several essays on the Revolution and an excellent collection of topics with extended links on the era and the Revolution (See the Resources Link).
  85. About the Mayflower Web Page
    Factual attack on the Mayflower page. The author claims that "...nearly every sentence of the entire lesson plan has a significant factual error, or is simply story-telling (making up stories and details to fit within a set framework of given historical facts)."
  86. From Revolution to Reconstruction
    See USA: index presidents-area, a new feature of "The American Revolution: A HTML Project" (which actually provides resources from colonial time to the present). If you haven't visited the main page recently, backspace over the "/P/ in the address above and select "What's New."
  87. Early Illinois Women
  88. The American Revolution
    See the growing collecton of essay on the site.
  89. PBS Electronic Fieldtrips: Colonial Williamsburg
    Shown November 20, 1997 "Don't Wanna Slave No More." Learn more about the roles that slaves played during the American Revolution, about African-Americans during the Revolution A timeline and glossary and a student writing contest are also featured.

  90. Six Historic Americans
    Thomas Paine, Thomas Jefferson, George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, Abraham Lincoln and Ulysses S. Grant.
    "An array of authentic documents that form an historical record of ...the Colonial Period, the War of Independence, and the presidencies of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson."
  92. The Early America Review - Summer 1997
    Other articles in the issue: The Carey Document-- On The Trail Of A Salem Death Warrant, Promoting Science Through America's Colonial Press, Daniel Boone's Last Hunt, James Madison-- "Godfather" of the Constitution, America's First Great Portrait Artist and Commercial Banking in Colonial America.
  93. The Early America Review - Fall 1997
    I discoverd the new Review was published simply by backspacing and deleting summer97 and replacing it with fall97. TOC: The Enigma Of Benedict Arnold, The 'Regular Singing' Controversy, How George Washington And His Spectacles Saved The Republic, Translating An Ode To A German Mercenary, Jefferson's Views On Women.
  94. The Town Crier Online
    An online forum to place questions and comments relating to America during the 1700s-- the Colonial period, the Revolutionary War and the beginning years of the new Republic. Interative site to enhance student interest and participation.
  95. Early American History Crossword Puzzle
    Part of The Early America Review quarterly journal. A crossword talks back to you when you fill in the wrong answers. Shockwave needed but linked on site.
  96. Early American History Magazine and Archiving Early America.
    Links to: The Keigwin and Mathews Collection, Pages from the Past, America's Freedom Documents, Milestone Historic Documents, Your H-Quotient, From The Archives, How To Read a 200 Year Old Document and The Town Crier On-Line. Interactive features allow readers to listen to a Revolutionary War poem spoken aloud...and hear personal introductions by two authors appearing in the current edition.
  97. The Carey Document - The Early America Review, Summer 1997
    Document analysis and evaluation.
  98. Historical Time Line for Early America, 1730-1809

    Coming Soon: Lewis and Clark

    Until the year 2000, this will be the top site to locate information on the expedition. Choose from student or teacher resources and a host of interative/adventure activities.
    "The Corps eventually found the camp of the Lemhi Shoshone band led by Chief Cameahwait. In order to communicate with each other, it was necessary to put the following chain of translation in place: Lewis would speak English to Private Francois Labiche, who would speak French to the interpreter Toussaint Charbonneau, who would speak Hidatsa to his Shoshone wife Sacagawea, who would speak Shoshone to Chief Cameahwait. Then, Cameahwait's reply would move back along the language chain back to Lewis."
    Students are then invited to join in the translation as it moves through the cycle.

  99. Lewis and Clark @
    Explorer with Lewis and Clark. "Your goal: chart rivers, make friends with natives, open the West to trade, and look for a Northwest Passage... Relive the excitement and uncertainty the original crew experienced as you're asked to make journey-breaking decisions: select correct provisions for the journey, allow a woman and baby to join the expedition, choose between two forks of an unknown river, brave icy mountains or retreat till spring, and more.
  100. Site Map
    PBS has transformed what might be a simple companion site to a featured program into an extensive online research resource, with real audio selections, text pages and graphics. Many of the pages are organized around questions, such as "What is the larger historical significance of the expedition?" or "How did Lewis and Clark deal with the Indians they encountered?" An impressive collection of "experts" repond to and elaborate on the question.. Experts in the field of Education were used to create the lessons and classroom activities on the site, which are targeted to the middle grades, with extension activities for younger and older students. You will need the ability to read PDF files to view and download the 17 lessons at the site.

  101. TOP

  102. Maryland Loyalists and the American Revolution
  103. The Road to Washington - British Army Style
    War of 1812 site.
  104. VBoston: Boston HistoryLou Caputo's Fifth Grade Class -- VBoston: Revolutionary War is located here.
  105. Hildebrands Studio
    Colonial American Music.
  106. George Washington Papers at the Library of Congress
    8,000 pages). Document types include correspondence, letterbooks, commonplace books, diaries, journals, financial account books, military records, reports, and notes, accumulated by Washington from 1741 through 1799.
  107. Historic Mount Vernon
    The Home of Our First President, Visitor's Guide |Library & Collections | George Washington Mount Vernon Tour |Guestbook | Membership & Products Archaeology | Educational Resources | Pioneer Farmer | Related Links | Text Only Version.
  108. Apotheosis of George Washington
  109. George Washington's Rules of Civility
    I located this site (and one on Roman ball games) when reading the ScreenLife segment of Tripod (Updates sent by Email). It generated links to the sites from the article and loads of "What If" ideas... What if the Romans had invented the Internet and the Web... What kinds of Web pages would they publish? Making this the "charge" and the framework for the research might provide an interesting twist. All kinds of "counter factual" and alternate history stuff out there... The page also features links to some VIPs in American history: African-Americans, Colonial Children, The Geddys: A Family of Tradesmen, The Randolphs: A Family of Influence, George Washington, Martha Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Patrick Henry, George Wythe, plus some biographies of people in Williamsburg.
  110. Benjamin Franklin: A Documentary History -- J.A. Leo Lemay
  111. Franklin and His Friends: Portraying the Man of Science in Eighteenth-Century America"
  112. Philadelphia City Hall - Will Penn's Homepage
    Frames required. Presents a good virtual tour of the building, floor by floor. A click on "History" generates a page on the history of the building and an interesting top timeline..with a left topic graphic and navigation buttons with dates. Interesting "visual display of chronology" on the Web and a topic that interests me....

  113. Educational Resources at Colonial Williamsburg
    TOC: Choosing Revolution (not currently online), Colonial Reaction to the Stamp Act, Eighteenth-Century and Twentieth-Century Forms of Resistance and A Family disrupted--the Randolph Family and the Coming American Revolution.
  114. From Revolution to Reconstruction
    See the USA: index to source material. An impressive site that keeps adding material.
  115. Concord Museum
    Where "...all of Concord's remarkable past is brought to life -- Algonkians, Puritans, Revolutionaries, Loyalists, Farmers, Silversmiths, Transcendentalists, Cabinetmakers, Anti-Slavery Activists, Mill-Workers."
  116. Colonial Hall: Biographies of America's Founding Fathers
    Biographical sketches of America's founding fathers are taken from the 1829 book, Lives of the Signers to the Declaration of Independence, by the Rev. Charles A. Goodrich.

  117. Revolutionary War
    Online NewsHour: Gergen Dialogue -- July 4, 1997. Gergen (editor-at-large at "U.S. News & World Report") engages Pauline Maier, a Professor of History at MIT, author of "American Scripture: Making the Declaration of Independence."
  119. Revolutionary War
    Information and links to sites about the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783) era.
  120. Material Culture in Colonial America
    by John Grennan at the Center for Electronic Projects in American Culture Studies.
  121. The American Revolution Project
    Showcase page for 7th graders.
  122. Hamilton Project
    The Rise and Fall of Alexander Hamilton.
  123. Adam Ramage
    Immigrant to Philadelphia around 1795.
  124. Model Editions Partnership
    The Documentary History of the First Federal Congress, the Ratification of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, Papers of General Nathanael Greene, Henry Laurens,Lincoln Legal Papers, Papers of Margaret Sanger, Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony.
  125. Paine, Thomas. 1776. Common Sense.
  126. War of 1812 (1812-1814)
  127. Backdraft: The Fire Engine in the Colonial Community homepage
  128. Maryland State Archives: Documents for the Classroom
    Document packets introduce students to how explorers, settlers, and Native Americans described and handled first contact, read the news (1765-1775) from the Maryland Gazette on the events leading to the American Revolution. Readings on Daily Life in the New World, 1634-1715, the Maryland Gazette at the time of the Stamp Act Crisis, the burning of the Peggy Stewart, the Olive Branch Petition and letters from a Maryland soldier at the Battle of Long Island, documents leading to the Maryland Declaration of Rights, information on Maryland's role in the creation and ratification of the proposed first twelve amendments to the U.S. Constitution and the two that were not ratified and what happens to Black soldiers who survive the Civil War.
  129. REvolution Main
    "Promo" site for a CD-ROM -- Revolutionary War:A Nation is Born.
  130. Trails West - Links
  131. Lewis and Clark Trail Heritage Foundation
    History of the Expedition.
  132. Lewis and Clark lesson page
    A&E Lesson Plan.
  133. Mountain Men and the Fur Trade
    Library and research center for Western Fur Trade History, with a focus on the Mountain Men in the Rocky Mountain region from 1800-1850.
  134. From Revolution to Reconstruction and what happened afterwards
  135. Texas Historic Sites Atlas
    "The goal of the Atlas is to develop a database of the more than 250,000 historic and prehistoric sites recorded in Texas, and deliver most of that information through the Web." Great Texas museum search tool on site.
  136. AHA:Famous Battles
    American Revolutionary War.
  137. The Leslie Brock Center for the Study of Colonial Currency
    The Second Part of the South Sea Bubble (1720), Discourse on the Currencies of the American Plantations(1740), Postscript to the Discourse, A Brief Account of the Rise, Progress, and Present State of the Paper Currency (1749).
  139. Colonial Activities in the NewEngland Area
  140. William Penn
    Penn in the U.S. Capitol, Penn and the Indians, Penn Plans the City.
  141. Mayflower Web Page
    An excellent page on almost any topic associated with the Mayflower.
  142. The Pennsylvania Gazette (1728-1800)
    I located this site after responding to an E-mail request for information on early American newspapers. This site offers a four disk set of CDs with over 100,000 records and full text searchable with complete digital images. Organized into four folios:
  143. Battle of Tippecanoe
    The fourth grade class at Battle Ground Elementary is working on an Internet project to provide information about the Battle of Tippecanoe.
  144. 4th of July - Independence Day
  145. Henry Nash Smith: Daniel Boone
  146. Battle of Fallen Timbers
    An archaeological project that attempts to accurately locate the field of battle and the movements of the combatants on Aug. 20, 1794. The battle "...between the forces of Gen. Anthony Wayne's Legion of the United States and a confederation of Native American tribes led to the opening of the Northwest Territory to white settlement and the closing of those lands to the Indians."
  147. Betsy Ross Homepage
    Loads of what you might expect about Betsy, with a great deal of information on the flag.
  148. Anne Hutchinson: American Jezebel or Woman of Courage?
    Paper on the reasons for the persecution of Anne.
  149. Early South Carolina newspapers
    A quick reference Index to newspapers that began publication in Charleston in 1732. Information in Genealogy and Colonial/Early American History.
  150. Ben: Benjamin Franklin: Glimpses of The Man
    Everything you might expect on a web site, plus some surprises! Inquiry based teaching tips included.
  151. Benjamin Franklin
    Glimpses of the Man. See the links to recommended resource materials and enrichment activities,
  152. Revolution and Independence - American History
    This site includes all of the major topics and some maps, British sources on the war. The site is currently incomplete and the author is looking for contributions.
  153. George Washington at Home... on the World Wide Web
    Links to: Visitor's Guide, Library & Collections, Mount Vernon Tour, Educational Resources, Archaeology.
  154. The First Thanksgiving
    See The true story of "The First Thanksgiving." This page contains a link to Plymouth, MA where you can take a virtual tour of the area, and a link to New England style recipes."
  155. History of Thanksgiving
    Featuring a collection of history articles and some fine recipes.
  156. Susan B. Anthony
  157. Appalachian Trail Home Page
  158. The Oregon Trail
    Be sure to click on "History" and then "Wagons" for an excellent drawing. Now featuring a Pioneer Families of the Month, with several profiles online so far..
  160. In Search of Oregon Trail
    As usual, a PBS site is at the top of the list. Check out the Trail--Teacher's Guide while at the site.
    Background material explores prayers, chants, and the life of St. Benedict. Explore the monks' daily routine through photos of them and their community. Site also listed on the European History menu.
  162. The American Revolutionary War Home Page
    Listing of the organizations involved in the hobby of re-enacting the American Revolutionary War within the United States.
  163. The Papers of George Washington
  1. The Wampum Chronicles: A Website of Mohawk History
  2. A Treasure Trove of North American Exploration /
    Un écrin des explorations de l'Amérique du Nord - (Passages). Browse first-hand accounts of some of the events marking the gradual exploration of the North American continent. Best to start at the Chronological Outline page.
  3. National Museum of the American Indian
    What's New? | About the Museum | Exhibitions | Publications & Recordings Film & Video | Conexus | Calendar of Events & Activities | Education, Resources & Programs Membership & Development | Other Native American Sites | Research & Collections | Archive | About this Site
  4. Subsistance and Survival
    The Makah Indian Reservation, 1855-1933.
  5. Buckaroos in Paradise
    "The Buckaroos in Paradise Collection presents documentation of a Nevada cattle-ranching community, with a focus on the family-run Ninety-Six Ranch. The documentation was largely the work of the Paradise Valley Folklife Project (1978-1982), a research initiative conducted by the American Folklife Center at the Library of Congress. This collection presents 41 motion pictures and 28 sound recordings that tell the story of life and work on the Ninety-Six Ranch and of its cowboys, known in the region as buckaroos."
  6. Pioneering the Upper Midwest: Books from Michigan, Minnesota, and Wisconsin, ca. 1820-1910
    Offeringh first-person accounts, biographies, promotional literature, local histories, ethnographic and antiquarian texts, colonial archival documents, and other works drawn from the Library of Congress's General Collections and Rare Books and Special Collections Division. The "Overview" section is a good place to start.
  7. Meeting of Frontiers
    TOC: The Russian Discovery of Siberia, Exploration of the American West, The Russian North, Colonization (Russian Acquisition and Migration, American Acquisition and Migration), Meeting of Peoples (Russian Missionary Activity, Missionary Activity in the American West), Religious Flight and Migration, Forced Migration, Siberian Cities, Western Cities, Cossacks, Cowboys, and Cavalry-Frontier Social Groups, Development (Siberian Mining, Mining in the West, Agriculture in Siberia, Agriculture in the West, Trans-Siberian Railway and Other Forms of Transportation, American Transcontinental and Pacific Transportation), Alaska (Russian Discovery of Alaska, The Russian Colonization of Alaska, The Sale of Alaska and Early Development, Gold Rush and Transformation, American Colonization and Exploration, Alaska Tourism and Transportation, Alaska in Popular Culture), Frontiers and National Identity (Mass Culture, Tourism), Mutual Perceptions ( Travel Accounts, Grand Duke Alexis's Trip to America, The Romance of the Arctic--the Saga of the Jeannette, Siberia in American Popular Culture, The Russo-Japanese War and American Political Opinion, Russian Cowboys?--Cossacks in American Popular Culture) Digital Collections and Selections from the Library of Congress (Books and Serials: Selections from the Dime Novel Collection, Selections from the General Collections, Newspaper and Serial Selections from the General Collections, Selections from the Rare Book and Special Collections, The Russian-Ukrainian Pamphlet and Brochure Collection, 1866-1949), (Manuscripts: Selections from the Albert K. Fisher Papers, Selections from the George Kennan Papers, The USSR Ministry of Marine Archive, The Gennadii V. Yudin Collection of Russian-American Company Papers, Selected Manuscript Items), Maps (Selections from the Geography and Map Collections), Photographs (The William C. Brumfield Collection, The Frank G. Carpenter Collection, The John C. H. Grabill Collection, Selections from the George Kennan Papers, Selections from the Sergei Mikhailovich, Prokudin-Gorskii Collection), Other Formats (In the Beginning was the Word: The Russian Church and Native Alaskan Cultures--Exhibition Selections, Selections from the American Folklife Center, Selections from the Motion Picture, Broadcast and Recorded Sound Collection, Selections from the Music Collections, Uncle Sam in the Oregon Country--Exhibition).
  8. TRADERS <> Voices from the Trading Post
    Issues of importance to traders primarily on the Navajo, Hopi, and Zuni reservations. Interesting history elements to the page.
  9. IGLOOS: North American Native Pre-Contact Housing
  10. Western Treasure Valley Museum
    Presents exhibits on the settlement patterns of the Northern Paiutes, Basque, Japanese, Hispanic, and EuroAmerican immigrants.
  11. Frontier Culture Museum
    Can't think of a better place to start researching how various ethnic groups influnced the major occupation in American history -- farming.
  12. Golden Crescent Index
    The Golden Crescent runs in a wide swath along the Atlantic Coast from Savannah to Cape Canaveral and inland towards Tallahassee. Following thousands of years of Native American occupation, this area witnessed many of the first North American encounters among Europeans, Africans, and native inhabitants. If time permits, visit National Park Service past feature page.
  13. Smithsonian Highlights
    Where the Prairie Grasses Grew.
  14. BRITISH MUSEUM:first peoples, first contacts
  15. Triumph & Tragedy on OPB
    Women's Voices From the Oregon Trail.
  16. OCTA -- Overland Journal: Williams, 1993

    Food on the Oregon Trail. From the Oregon-California Trails Association, which offers a nice collection of resouces.

  17. Bibliography of North American Indians
  18. A Pioneer's Journey to the Frontier
    Junior Thinkquest entry.
  19. Inventing the Southwest: The Fred Harvey Comapany and Native American Art
    Exhibition on how Native American art in the Southwest was shaped by the marketing activities of the Fred Harvey Company.
  20. Kiowa Drawings in the National Anthropological Archives
  21. Tichkematse: A Cheyenne Indian
    How successful would a Cheyenne youth (raised to a life based on buffalo hunting) be as a scientist at the Smithsonian? Tichkematse was among a group of southern Plains warriors who were held as prisoners of war by the United States government from 1875-1878. Follow his career path after his imprisonment.
  22. The Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920 (American Memory, Library of Congress)
  23. Welcome to Web de Anza
    Primary source documents and multimedia resources covering Juan Bautista de Anza's two overland expeditions from the Sonoran desert to northern California, leading to the colonization of San Francisco in 1776. "The site also provides a wealth of additional information including bibliographies, biographies, commentaries, maps, timelines, pictures, and sounds and video clips associated with the expeditions."
  24. Feature : Ancient Architects of the Mississippi
  25. Women of the West Museum
    Worth a weekly visit for the New Lessons and the feature profiles added each week. I browsed a two period lesson based on Mary Austin's "The Castro Baby" with a theme of interethnic Cooperation in the 19th Century West (complete with 4 handouts).
    * Teachers interested in expanding their choices in lessons and materials on the American West should also do a search in the Social Studies School Service site. After visiting the West Museum, I clicked on the Sponsor icon (located at the top or bottem of most pages on this site) and located over 70 resources in the catalogue, simply by doing a search using the keywords "American" and "West."
  26. America's West - Development & History
  27. Jesup Exhibition
    Drawing Shadows to Stone: Photographing North Pacific Peoples (1897-1902). Archival photographs (1200) of scenes from daily life taken by members of the Jesup Expedition -- a visual demonstration of the use of the camera as an anthropological tool.
  28. CyberSoup Cyber Gulch: Native American Culture, The American West, Animal Rights, Animal Stories, Pet Health, and more
  29. The Autry Museum of Western Heritage
  30. Peabody Museum-LEWIS AND CLARK
  31. Amerind Foundation Museum and Archaeological Research Facility
  32. Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act
    Adeline Hornbek and the Homestead Act: A Colorado Success Story is a curriculum-oriented guide to the life of a pioneer woman who was able to own land thanks to the Homestead Act. The site uses pictures and diagrams of her house and land near Colorado Springs as a focus but gives readings and suggested school assignments about women owning land. (National Park Service) The site could easily be combined with some activity such as suggested in Activity 3: Researching Important Women in Your Community's History.
  33. The Old Court House in St. Louis: Yesterday and Today
    A focus on the public gathering place for pioneers planning their westward trek across the plains. The site features an excellent online lesson that asks students:
    1) To explain why St. Louis was founded on the Mississippi River and the important role the city and its courthouse played in the westward expansion movement.
    2) To identify and discuss issues significant to 19th-century railroad expansion to the western region of the nation.
    3) To explain how a legal verdict -- the Dred Scott Decision -- can affect national policy.
    4) To identify and describe a historic structure in their own community that has been rehabilitated and reused.
    Another great page from the Park Service.
  34. Teaching from Objects and Stories
    With three Lessons and Resources listed from Bering Sea Eskimo cultures.
  35. Women of the West Museum
    Take a virtual tour of life in a sod house, guided by a young Nebraska mother named Mattie Oblinger. Online lesson for the exhibit at the Educational Resource Center.
  36. The American Experience | WayBack - Gold Rush
  37. The American Experience | Lost in the Grand Canyon
    "In May 1869, accompanied by nine men, the scientific explorer John Wesley Powell left Green River City on the first expedition by boat through the Grand Canyon. These maps, with their accompanying journal entries, detail the course of the grueling journey that ultimately claimed three lives."
  38. The Pony Express
    (Movie Promo) Ride the Pony Express from the banks of the Missouri River in St. Joseph to its end in Sacramento, California. The PONY EXPRESS is designed for students in elementary classes, especially grades 4-6. I enjoyed this site immensely, although I am long past the 6th grade. As a teacher, you should admire the writing exercises that are folded into the lesson. (If I had the 32 years of teaching to live over.... I would have my students do a lot less talking and a lot more writing.)
  39. Western Publications
    Publishers of True West & Old West magazines. Sample articles and a good link collection to sources of Western history.
  40. Kate and Sue McBeth, Missionary Teachers to the Nez Perce
    Examines the interaction between church (focusing on the McBeth sisters) and state (federal agents) and Nez Perce people during the late 19th century.
  41. CMCC - The Haida : Children of Eagle and Raven
  42. Images of the American West
  43. Ancient American: Archaeology of the Americas
  44. Main Menu: Native American Indian PlentyStuff
  45. Native American Herbal, Plant Knowledge
  46. Florida's Indians PaidThe Toll of Conquest
    "The Spanish colonization of Florida was largely carried out on the backs of Native Americans, according to Jerold Milanich, curator of archaeology at the Florida Museum of Natural History in Gainesville."
  47. The Feather Trade: Introduction
    A visual exhibition from the Smithsonian that also provides background on the creation of the Audubon and conservation organizations.
  48. Railroad Maps Collection
    Study the growth of travel, settlement, industry and agriculture in the United States.
  49. Women in the Gold Rush
  50. 1835
    Cherokee Census Index East of the Mississippi.
  51. ZDNet's LaunchPad: The Settlers III
  52. Welcome to At Home in the Heartland Online Home
    Presents a exhibit on family life in Illinois from 1700 to the present. A free teachers guide with information on how to use the site in your classroom is available.
  53. Lewis and Clark's Historic Trail
  54. Trekking Across Our Land
  55. Sipapu--The Anasazi Emergence into the Cyber World
  56. Delaware (Lenape) Tribe of Indians: Homepage
  57. NATURE: American Buffalo: Spirit of a Nation
  58. People in THE WEST - William Clark
  59. New Perspectives on THE WEST - Introduction
  60. First Americans, Native American Indian Studies for Grade Schoolers.
    Outstanding graphic and maps. "Work puzzles. Draw pictures. Play cards. Explore and learn about the Dinè, Muscogee, Tlingit, Lakota, and Haudenosaunee."
  61. Early American Roads and Trails
    Read a summary paragraph on one or more of 16 early roads or trails:
  62. The History of the Upper Midwest: An Overview
    Table of Contents: The Lay of the Land, The Indians at the Time of Contact (1600-1850), The French Lead the Way (1500-1763), The British Take and Lose Control (1763-1812), The Northwest and the Ordinances (1783-1858), The Yankee Empire (1820-1890), The Pineries (1820-1900) and the Mines (1850-).
  63. Dance Instruction Manuals, Ca.1600-1920
    With a special section on Western Social Dance.
  64. Websteader: Pioneer Sod Houses, c.1880 - 1998
  65. NMAI Conexuschapman.jpg
    National Museum of the American Indian. Thumbnails and sharp graphics of some of the finest art. I especially enjoyed the exhibit on Indian Humor and the Native American Quilt exhibits. "An exciting and informative curriculum has been developed by the museum's Education Department to support the exhibit To Honor and Comfort: Native Quilting Traditions. Four distinct lesson plans correspond with the exhibition sections: Origins, Honoring, Design and Community. Structured for independent classroom use throughout the school year, the curriculum utilizes contemporary objects such as quilts to present a Native perspective on historical events and contemporary issues." The lessons are not on-line, but a handy "mail-to" on the site will link you to those who will send the lessons. This is a splendid site and it is organized so that young children can move easily through each exhibit. A common interface (thumbnail menu and large navigation buttons on each page). The larger images load quickly with sharp and vivid colors. (For further research, see Surviving the Winter on the evolution of quiltmaking among two cultures in New Mexico, by Dorothy R. Zopf.) The archive links the past exhibits of: Memory & Imagination -- The Legacy of Maidu Indian Artist Frank Day, To Honor and Comfort: Native Quilting Traditions, Agayuliaraput - Our Way of Making Prayer, The Living Tradition of Yup'ik Masks and Woven by the Grandmothers Nineteenth Century Navajo Textiles. Enjoy!
  66. The Gold Rush Trail
    Featured Stories, RealVideo, Postcards Illustrations, Maps, Paintings, QuickTime VR, Photos.
  67. The Northern Great Plains, 1880-1920 (American Memory, Library of Congress)
    A site that could be used in a comparision/contrast using the years 1900 and 2000. It features the Fred Hultstrand History in Pictures Collection and the F.A. Pazandak Photograph Collection. These two collections feature more than 900 photographs of rural and small town life at the turn of the century.
  68. Learning Page of the Library of Congress: Feature Presentation on Pioneering Women in American Memory
    On my monthly revisit to this excellent resource - The Library of Congress - I bookmarked this page. It presents a series of "starters" for students researching the role of women in American society and, more important, provides suggestions for further search/research on the areas presented. Lessons created by teachers can be as simple as selecting a segment from pages such as this with pointers for students to dig deeper.
  69. Desert Peoples of the American Southwest
  70. Maps of Native American Nations, History, Info
  72. Seminole Tribe of Florida: History: Introduction
  73. Mound Builders History Archaeology Contents
  74. WestWeb: Western History Resource
    New address.
  75. American West : Multicultural Perspectives
  76. WestWeb: Western History Resource
  77. Ivy Project Home Page
    A History of the American West as viewed through students who were asked " do three things: write a truthful story about an ordinary person who lived or currently lives in the West; provide historical context relevant to that person's life; and include information about themselves and what they mean by "truthful."
  78. WestWeb: Western History Resource
    TOC: Going West, Introduction to Western Studies and Research, Resources, Index, What is in WestWeb? Hand-Picked and Outstanding sites, On Teaching Western History, Syllabi and Other Teaching Resources, Children of the Sun, Ancient Peoples of the American West, In Kiva and Hogan, Native Peoples of the American West, The Land of Eldorado, The Spanish Borderlands, North of the West, The Canadian West, Empires of Expansion, The European West, Earth Laid Bare, Western Environment, Land of Plenty, West as Space and Place, Where Seldom is Heard a Discouraging Word, Frontier as Place and Process, Making It Their Own, Women in the West, Where Men Were Men Gender and Sexuality in the West, Houses of Dawn and Sky, Western Cultural Studies, The Golden Mountain, The Asian West, Tierra Nuestra, The Chicano West, Other Great Migrations, The African-American West, Many Bloodied Plains, Western Military History, Ranch-hands and Rangers, The Cowboy West, CEOs in Cowboy Hats, Western Extraction Industries, Promised Land, Western Religious History, Contested Terrains, Western Political and Legal History, The World Rushed In, Settlement and Expansion into the West, Enterprise of Expansionism, Western Economic History, Measuring the West, Western Surveys and Exploration, You Are Here, Mapping the American West, Crossing the Great Divide, Transportation in the West, The Settled West, Towns and Communities in Western History, The Immigrants' West, European Immigration and Ethnicity in the West, From Trinity to Hanford, The Atomic West, Harvesting the West. hope1.jpg
  79. American West Heritage Center festival and historical farm
  80. Buckaroos in Paradise
    Documentation of a Nevada cattle-ranching community created by the Paradise Valley Folklife Project, with a focus on the family-run Ninety-Six Ranch and the life of its cowboys (the buckaroos). Later, the page will include an archive of about 2,400 still photographs on the people, sites, and traditions in the larger community of Paradise Valley, including the Northern Paiute Indian, Anglo-American, Italian, German, Basque, Swiss, and Chinese heritage. "In addition, background texts provide historical and cultural context for this distinctive Northern Nevada ranching community."

  81. CMSA: California Missions Scholars
  82. California Missions Interactive Home Page
    An Internet Field Trip. Tour California's twenty-one Spanish missions. Pictures (somewhat dark) and focus questions for each mission.
  83. California Mission Studies Assn.
    "For the Study and Preservation of the California Missions and Their Native American, Hispanic, and Early American Past."
  84. New Perspectives on THE WEST
    A multimedia guide to the eight-part documentary series. Events in THE WEST -- Interactive timeline tracing events from pre-Columbian times to the early twentieth century, Places in THE WEST -- Interactive map covering the territory and the times, People in THE WEST -- Interactive biographical dictionary of historical figures, Archives of THE WEST -- Documentary materials including memoirs, journals, letters, photos and transcripts, Links to THE WEST -- American West Internet resources, Test Your Knowledge of THE WEST -- Games and puzzlers. See the Archives of THE WEST - 1874 to 1877.
  85. Discovering Lewis and Clark
    A 19-part overview of the expedition by Harry Fritz, Professor of History at the University of Montana, illustrated with selections from the journals of the expedition, photographs, maps, moving pictures, and sound file
  86. National Museum of the American Indian
  87. Anasazi
    From the Granite School District.
  88. Haida Canoes
    Information on: Contemporary Canoes, Making of Raven Canoe, Paddling Song [Real Audio], Be sure to use the scroll bar in some of the pages to move to the images on the right.
  89. The Heard Museum: Current Exhibits
    Two current exhibits feature the contributions of women: The Legacy of Generations: Pottery by American Indian Women focuses on the women potters who revived the traditions of their ancestors and Woven by the Grandmothers: Nineteenth-Century Textiles, which features Navajo weavings between 1840 and 1880. You can also locate a valuable Native American Fine Art Movement Resource Guide available as a single file for printing or viewing offline at
  90. Discovery of Gold by Gen. John A. Sutter
    From the Museum of the City of San Francisco. (below)
  91. Center for Indigenous Research - Archaeological Studies
    A very friendly site for young peple, offering special opportunities for at risk students to participate in digs. I clicked on "The Development of Agriculture" which offers a very readable text, simple graphic and a java applet to define new and difficult terms for young readers. Students simply slide the cursor over the term and a pop-up box presents a definition.
  92. Old Colorado City Historical Society
    City and regional history. Very active group and page. I enjoyed the half dozen or so oral history's online and a large (and growing) collection of biographies of folks "who made things happen" in the early history of the region. The site provides a central focus for discussions and chats on such topics as: Utes - The Mountain People, The Cripple Creek Mining District, 19th Century Colorado Photographers, Old Colorado City and Those Damned Palmerites, The Spanish in Colorado, Presbyterian migration and settlements in Colorado and The Midland and other Colorado Railroads.
  93. Abenaki
    History or people that lived in the northern New England area before the Europeans.
  94. New Explorers: Mystery of the Ancient Ones
  96. California's Gold Rush Country: Virtual Tour
  97. Pequot War
  99. Native American Contributions
    Native American Game of "Hide-Ball" as the game was played by the Zuni tribe in the 1860's, Harvest Quiz, Which foods are of Native American origin? Trivia Quiz (Includes Native American Contributions to Government and Democracy), Native American Geography Quiz.
  100. Acoma and Zuni Pottery
    Acoma and Zuni Pueblos are represented by especially fine specimens from the late 19th and early 20th century. A sample of these can be seen here.
  101. Living History Farms
    (Urbandale, Iowa) An open air museum dedicated to restoring the era of the miwestern pioneer.
  102. Fort Apache Historic Park
  103. Trail of Tears-North Georgia History-
  104. History of a Prairie Community
  105. WestWeb: Western History Resource
    Great image selection on all of the topics listed in the very extensive TOC.
  106. Sam Houston Memorial Museum
  107. Crossing The Frontier
    Includes more than 300 images of the American West dating from 1849 to the present that document "...changes in the ways we have represented and idealized the vast Western landscape over the last 140 years, from a place of boundless beauty and limitless a landscape hemmed in by suburbanization and sometimes tinged with a tragic sense of loss." Under educational resources, the site provides special information on how to use the site information in the classroom. Possible integration topics include: Westward migration and the colliding of cultures in the American West, the growth of Western cities, the history of science and technology in the U.S., the Gold Rush.
  108. Benedicte Wrensted
    An interesting exhibit from the Smithsonian of a woman photographer of American Indians. The goal is to demonstrate the ways in which photographs can be placed in historical context. You will need to scroll down to the very bottem of the page to link to the "Main Menu" and the TOC which includes: Biography and History, Indian Photographs, Glossary, A section on Reading Historical Photographs and Suggested Readings.
  109. California Heritage Digital Image Access Project
  110. California's Gold Rush Country: Historic Sites & Spectacular Scenery
  111. Gold Rush Placeholder Page
    A comprehensive look at the gold rush, with a teachers guide.
  112. K12> HIT: Westward expansion websites
  113. Schoolnet-Hudson's Bay at Fort Victoria
    Created for students. Learn "...about Life around the Fort; the People who built the Fort and made it a success; some of the Games the children played there..." and how the fort has changed over time.
  114. American History, Page 1, Spanish Conquest of Native America
  115. Chippewa Valley Museum, Eau Claire, Wisconsin
    Feature rich site...but be sure to see the Then & Now compares historic pictures of Wisconsin's Chippewa Valley with photographs of the same scenes today.
  116. Public Affairs Video Archives Web Site C-SPAN Videotape Sales
    Enroll online and receive a Tocqueville Educators' Kit. Teachers who attended the recent NCSS conference could obtain this excellent teaching kit and other publications, including the winning lesson entries of the 1996-97 "Equipment of Education Grants." Those who enter for the current round (1997-98) must create lessons that use C-SPAN's Tocqueville programming. Visit the site for more infomation and see the current Booknotes Student-viewer guide. Susan Butler discusses the book, East to the Dawn: the Life of Amelia Earhart. Booknotes Lesson Plan Archive sould be a must part of the visit.
  117. Great Basin Indians
  118. The Age of Exploration
  119. All Aboard!
    TOC: Introduction||Disocvery and Invention in the Yosemite||The Grand Canyon of the Yellowstone|| The West in Railroad Advertising||Conclusions||Notes and Further Reading.
  120. WestWeb: Western History Resource
    With a very large selection of interesting topics. Some selections from the TOC: On Teaching Western History, Syllabi and Other Teaching Resources, The Spanish Borderlands, The Canadian West, Empires of Expansion, Western Environment, Where Seldom is Heard a Discouraging Word, Women in the West, Gender and Sexuality in the West, The Asian West, The Chicano West, The African-American West, Western Military History, Western Extraction Industries, Western Religious History, Measuring the West, The Atomic West.
    Education First: Donner Online
    "Online Donner" is a type of Web-based activity in which you learn about a topic by collecting information, images, and insights from the Internet, and then you "paste" them into a multimedia Scrapbook (a HyperStudio stack or a Web page) to share your learning with others."
    Without a doubt, this site (and earlier productions by the team) could provide a "template" for creative use of the Internet. Tom March and associates assume in this unit that classroom instruction and print resources have provided some overview of a topic and students are guided online (or on the LAN) through cooperative online research, role-playing activities and media production tasks to address "Big Questions" about the topic. Students must think about and evaluate what they have learned and package their findings for publication. Teachers can easily download the entire unit and adapt it to their classroom. Students who have done similar units in the past should (with skilled guidance by the teacher) be able to "process" and evaluate the projects and gain some self-reliance as learners. When you think about it, the team at San Diego that produced this web site is following the "template" and modeling the activities they expect from their electronic students.
  121. Madison: A Model City
    Hit the Jackpot with a return visit to this page! It now includes graphics from the 1911 works from other countries and cities. If you teach "city history" or would like to include a lesson or student media production on the topic, this is the place to start. Besides the Madison, Wisconsin turn of the century graphics, see the L'Enfant's Plan of Washington; Original Plan of Savannah, Ga.; State Capitol, Hartford, Conn.; State Capitol, Providence, R.I.; Proposed approaches to State Capitol, St. Paul; Plan of Columbia, S.C.; Plan for Improvement of Harrisburg, Pa.; also Cleveland, St. Louis, Garden at Versailles, Quebec, Savannah amd Boston. Public Library.
  122. U.S. Indian Policy: 1830-1890
  123. Letters From An American Farmer
    J. Hector St. John de Crevecoeur.
    A brief history of the tribe in the years prior to the War, and the story of the alliance with the new government during the Revolution. Text with a few graphics.
  125. Making a Folsom Point
  126. American Cowboy Magazine - The spirit of the west
  127. NPG: Exhibitions
    Index page of current and past exhibits, including the 1846: Portrait of the Nation site listed below. See "Rebels: Painters and Poets of the 1950s."
  128. 1846: Portrait of the Nation
    "On August 10, 1846, the act establishing the Smithsonian Institution was passed by Congress and immediately signed into law by President James K. Polk. In commemoration of the 150th anniversary of that event, this exhibition looks back at the America of 1846."

    What is life?
    It is the flash of a firefly in the night.
    It is the breath of a buffalo in the wintertime.
    It is the little shadow which runs across the grass and loses itself in the sunset.

    - - - Crowfoot, Blackfoot warrior and orator, 1890

  129. The Digital Scriptorium, Special Collections Library, Duke University
    See the Class Projects section developed by Duke University students in Professor Peter Wood's Native American History class (HST 119). Topics include: A Nation Apart: The Cherokee Nation in Indian Territory 1839-1907, Education of Native Americans: Hampton Institute 1878-1923, Settling Amongst the Indians in Texas, The Dakota (Sioux) War: A Closer Look at the Conflict, Christianity and the Indians: Protestant Missions to the Native Peoples of North America, Native American Education: Documents from the 19th Century, The T.S. Jessup Papers: Multiple Perspectives During the Second Seminole War, Native American Photographs from the Jackson Collection and the Myth of the Vanishing Indian.
  130. Native American Cultural Resources on the Internet
  131. The Mormon Pioneer Story

    The American Experience/Coming Up
    A page for the American History teacher
    Other Web Sites
    On the Topic
    Step Into the Past in Footsteps of Their Ancestors
    The Mormon
    Pioneer Story
  132. People and Climatic Change Index
    How Environmental Transformations on the Great Plains Have Affected Human Cultural Development. See the Teachers Page for lessons and resources.
  133. Welcome to the Mayflower Web Pages!
    Showing "... full texts of early Plymouth writings, from Mourt's Relation (1621), Of Plymouth Plantation (1630), Good News from New England (1624), Hypocricie Unmasked (1646), New England's Salamander (1647), many 17th century Pilgrim letters, and other contemporary documents. There are links to every Mayflower passenger--even those which do not have descendants, providing what biographical information is known about them. There are sections about the girls and women who came on the Mayflower, the clothing worn by Pilgrims, the history of the ship Mayflower, the history of the Thanksgiving holiday, among many other sections."
  134. Millersville University-Columbus and the Age of Discovery
    Features "...a text retrieval system containing over 1100 text articles from various magazines, journals, newspapers, speeches, official calendars and other sources relating to various encounter themes." Titles are grouped alphabetically and the full text is available online.
  135. AC/History 373 - American West
    Survey course page on the history of the American West. The Syllabus lists web sites by topic and week according to the lecture schedule.
  136. American History, Page 1, Spanish Conquest of Native America
    Links to: The Conquest of America, The Cherokee People of the Mountains, Spanish Conquistadores in North America, De Soto's Trail Thru Florida - Part 1, Part 2 (Most Maps) and Part 3, DeSoto's Trail Thru The Southeast - Part 1, Part 2 and Part 3 + Map, The Final Report of the Official Commission, Calendar of De Soto's Lunar Activity + Map, Future Articles about DeSoto's Trail + Links.
  137. Native American Documents Project
    California State University, San Marcos. Documents about the history of federal policy concerning native peoples.
  138. Historic Atlas Resource - North America
    Maps on the Territorial Expansion of the United States 1783-1898 and 1783-1853, United States after the Treaty of Paris : 1783, Native American Tribes, European Possessions Bordering the U.S., Louisiana Purchase : 1800-1803, Journeys of Lewis & Clark : 1804-1806, Jackson's Campaigns in Florida : 1818, Territory ceded by Spain : from 1810 to 1819, Texas : 1836, Oregon Country : 1843-1848, The War with Mexico: 1823-1846, Mexican Cession: Political Boundaries, Gadsden Purchase & Proposed Rail Routes : 1853, Alaska and Hawaii, Slavery Through 1860, Status of Slavery in Original 13 States, Cotton Production in the American South: 1790-1860, Slavery in the American South: 1790-1860, Slave Crops in the American South:, Legal Status of Slavery Through 1860, The Missouri Compromise : 1820, Compromise of 1850 : Status of Slavery, Kansas-Nebraska Act : 1854.
  139. Aaron Burr and Territorial Mississippi
  140. Pioneer Spirit
    Exhibit on women homesteaders in North Dakota. Then and Now (photo-essay), Jessamine Slaughter Burgum's diary of frontier life, telling the story of the land from 1863 through 1877. Pioneer Camera -- Fred Hultstrand captured the hard work and everyday courage of the pioneers.
  141. America's West - Development & History
  142. American West - European Emigration
    Focus on Swedish Emigration as "typical" of the period.
  143. Images of the American West
    Loads of samples from the CDRom (from the National Archives)
  144. The American Experience/Gold Fever
    Companion site for the PBS program. ABOUT THE PROGRAM | GREETINGS FROM THE KLONDIKE -- WHAT THEY BROUGHT ALONG | A brief teachers guide is currently online.
  145. The Old Timer's Page
    The Ice House, Potting Meat, Salt Curing Meat Yeast Cultures for Bread Making, Making Bread in a wood burning oven, Making Butter, Soap Making, Building a Cistern, Building a Root Cellar, The Out House, Just for Fun - The Homestead House - Getting Electricity - Getting Water.
  146. Polly Cooper Shawl - Oneida Indian Nation
    The suffering of George Washington's sick and starving army wintering at Valley Forge was relieved by an Oneida gift of corn organized by Chief Skenandoah. An Oneida woman, Polly Cooper, stayed to help the soldiers and to teach them how to prepare the nutritional and medicinal food.
  147. Garfield Farm and Inn Museum
    Nice listing of prairie and farm history web sites.
  148. Lone Star Junction: A Texas Almanac
  149. New Perspectives on THE WEST
    Features a "Tour" of THE WEST (Multimedia guide to the eight-part documentary series), an interactive timeline (events from pre-Columbian times to the early twentieth century), an interactive map, a biographical dictionary of historical figures, primary resource materials (memoirs, journals, letters, photos and transcripts) and links to off site Internet resources. After browsing the site and viewing the series, PBS provides a test, puzzlers and an opportunity to comment via e-mail.
  150. American Western Art
    Visit the Western art gallery for a video of the American Western art collection at the Rockwell Museum and see and hear how stories of the old west come alive.
  151. America's West - Development & History
    Nice collection of links with some annotation to guide visitors. From the Frontier- and Pioneer days with the Wild West, to today's Modern West.
  152. Chickasaw Historical Research Page
    Letters, treaties, diaries from the late 18th century on... An outstanding online collection of primary resource materials, much of it suited to K-12 applications. In a recent revisit (2/98) I clicked on A list of witnesses to be summoned in the case of the Choctaw Nation vs. John T. Pitchlynn, charged with the murder of Littleton Henderson Love. The basic information and testimony of the witnesses is online and could be used for historical simulations and one-act plays.
  153. Welcome to At Home in the Heartland Online Home
    Artifacts, stories, and activities relating to the people who have settled in the nation's heartland over the last 300 years. Family life in Illinois from 1700 to the present.
  154. Women in America
    Descriptions of gender roles and women's lives by foreign travelers in the US from the 1820s through 1840s. From the Democracy In America site, which should be on your top shelf list to visit.
  155. A history of the NW Coast
  156. Yellowstone Western Heritage Center
    The Spirit Lives: American Indian Traditions of the Yellowstone Valley. Information about the Crow and Cheyenne tribes of Montana targeted for the fourth grade level of study. "The site may serve as an introduction to American Indian culture, or it can be used as 17 separate units of study. Traveling through this site, the student can engage in creative, divergent and inductive thinking while learning historical facts about American Indian culture.
  157. Costanoan-Ohlone Indian Canyon Resource Home
  158. de Saisset Museum and Art Gallery
    Interesting current exhibit (through March 26, 1997) -- First Californians, by Edward Curtis. UPCOMING EXHIBITIONS -- Vision Quest: Men, Women and Sacred Sites of the Sioux Nation and Native American Stereotypes. Much later in 1997, Landscapes for the Homeless, The Heart Mountain Story: Photographs by Hansel Mieth and Otto Hagel of the World War II Internment of Japanese Americans.
  159. Hair Pipes in Plains Indian Adornment
    "A Study in Indian and White Ingenuity." A great site to showcase the connections between Archaeology and American history. A current publication of the Smithsonian Institution Libraries' Home Page below.
  160. American Frontiers Theme Page
    Assignment Discovery page for the past series. Useful information and activities, even if you do not have the classroom tapes.
  161. Mesas and Mammoths
    "How can a few spear points and other faint traces of the past tell the story of a people who lived nearly 12,000 years ago? A recent discovery on the remote northern slopes of Alaska shows how scientists, working much like detectives at the scene of a crime, study such scant clues to piece together the tale of America's first settlers. It also highlights the essential role of scientists in writing the earliest chapters of America's history."
  162. Letters of a Woman Homesteader
    Turn of the century diary.
  163. Pacific Northwest Railroad Maps
    Large maps depict the rise and (and demise) of the railroads on Oregon.
  164. Exploring the West from Monticello: Home
    Maps from Columbus to Lewis and Clark. "...Examines the planning of the Lewis and Clark Expedition and the cartographic tradition that made the expedition possible. The exhibition shows the evolving views of the American continent and the "Passage to the Indies" as they appear in maps up to the Lewis and Clark Expedition. It focuses especially on the earliest cartographic representations of America and the Northwest Passage, the results of early expeditions to the Mississippi basin in search of a route to the Pacific Ocean, and the early exploration of the Pacific Northwest."
  165. The Cherokee National Historical Society
    Companion site to PBS's eight-part series." ["Empire Upon the Trails (1806-1848), The Speck of the Future (1848-1856), Death Runs Riot (1856-1868), The Grandest Enterprise Under God (1868-1874), Fight No More Forever (1874-1877)]. Tour THE WEST (Multimedia guide), Events in THE WEST (Interactive timeline from pre-Columbian times to the 20th century), Places in THE WEST (Interactive map of the territory and the times), People in THE WEST (Interactive biographical dictionary of historical figures), an Archive of documentary materials (memoirs, journals, letters, photos and transcripts) and links to Internet resources on the topic.
  167. US Political Thought -- Tocqueville
  168. In Search of Tocqueville's Democracy in America
    Six sections including: A Biography of Tocqueville, a Chronology of his life, Who's Quoting Tocqueville, Tocqueville's American Journey, Quotes From "Democracy In America" and The French Connection.
  169. Education First: Donner Online
    "Online Donner" is a type of Web-based activity in which you learn about a topic by collecting information, images, and insights from the Internet, and then you "paste" them into a multimedia Scrapbook (a HyperStudio stack or a Web page) to share your learning with others."
    Without a doubt, this site (and earlier productions by the team) could provide a "template" for creative use of the Internet. Tom March and associates assume in this unit that classroom instruction and print resources have provided some overview of a topic and students are guided online (or on the LAN) through cooperative online research, role-playing activities and media production tasks to address "Big Questions" about the topic. Students must think about and evaluate what they have learned and package their findings for publication. Teachers can easily download the entire unit and adapt it to their classroom. Students who have done similar units in the past should (with skilled guidance by the teacher) be able to "process" and evaluate the projects and gain some self-reliance as learners. When you think about it, the team at San Diego that produced this web site is following the "template" and modeling the activities they expect from their electronic students.
  170. The Donner Party
    Very comprehensive site, especially the listing of Other Donner Party Websites.
  171. The Lost Silver Mine of Monument Valley
  172. Mountain Men and the Fur Trade
    Rocky Mountain region in the period from 1800-50.
  173. Jonathan Alder
    Online book (with 13 chapters) -- The Captivity of Jonathan Alder (1773-1849) and his life with the Indians as dictated by him and transcribed by his son Henry.
  174. The Bonaparte Connection
    For teachers who might be interested in connecting the history of the US to events in Europe during and following the French Revolution.
  175. The Mexican-American War Memorial Homepage
    TOC: The Dynamics of Confrontation, The Worlds in Conflict, Documents and Testimonies, The War Today.
  176. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications
    Recently moved to a new web page.
  177. Land Record Reference
    All about land, from the feudal system through "How Land in the U.S. Was Acquired - Patents and Grants, Transferring Land - The selling process, Deed Books - What's in 'em, Surveying Units and Terms - Poles and Chains, Legal and Other Terms - From the common to the obscure, Two Types of Property Descriptions, Anatomy of a Metes and Bounds Deed, Sources of Deed Information, How To Get Copies of Land Records, Other Internet sites with Land Record Information."
  178. Tecumseh History Page
  179. Susan B Anthony House Home Page
    With links to other sites on the history of suffrage for women.
  180. Truckee-Donner Historical Society
  181. The Interactive Santa Fe Trail (SFT) Homepage
    Traveling With A Purpose (exploring history firsthand), History of the Santa Fe Trail (when? where? why? who? how?) and Exploring the Trail Today.
  182. Inputs from History: Conflicts of 1846-48
    The U.S.-Mexican War and the Peoples of the Year 2000.
  183. Wichita, Kansas Western Heritage Tour
    A New Tour of the Old West.
  184. Native Web
    This large site should be one of the first stops for information about Native American activities and resources.
  185. NativeProfs directory
    This is an FTP site from Cornell. See the index.txt file for a description of each item.
  186. Costanoan-Ohlone Indian Canyon Resource
  187. Bill's Aboriginal Links
    Links to Canadian, U.S., Mexican, Australian, New Zealand, International and Newsgroups. Also included are links to Aboriginal Arts, Cultural, and Human Rights pages. Part of Bill Henderson's Home Page.
  188. Inlaw to Outlaw
    The Story of Matt Warner.
  189. Prehistoric People of the Kanawha Valley
    West Virginia.
    Five chapters on the ancient people of the valley.
  190. The Kansas Heritage Server Home Page
    Site includes geneological links, Kansas history, a page on gunfighters, and interesting links on Native Americans.
  191. National Museum of the American Indian
    From the Smithsonian. See the "What's New" for recent additions.
  192. Index of Native American Resources on the Internet
    A most comprehensive listing of Native American resources on the Internet. Very well maintained and organized.
  193. Pueblo Cultural Center
  194. NW Coast Indian History
    A history of the NW Coast.European/Indian contact on the Northwest Coast.
  195. Wooden Canoe Heritage Association
    Devoted to preserving, studying, building,restoring and using wood canvas, cedar strip and birch bark canoes, and to disseminating information about canoeing heritage in North America.
  196. Pocahontas for American Indian Students
  197. Illinois State Museum
    The Midwestern U.S. 16,000 Years Ago. See an animated gif of the last glacier. The site is showing a number of very interesting exhibits. In a recent visit (8/99, I enjoyed an exhibit on "Prairies in the Prairie State" that should make travel in Illinois a real pleasure. Various plant species are identified, with text and graphics. You're not likely to find them on the Interstate.


  1. Slavery (1787 - 1863): Selected Laws and Policies affecting African Americans
  2. Civil War Maps Collection
  3. Aboard the Underground Railroad
  4. The Slave Trade
    USA Campaigners Against Slavery, Legislation, Anti-Slavery Groups, Women's Anti-Slavery Society, Women's Anti-Slavery Society, Events and Issues, Slave Life, The Slave System and Slave Accounts.
  5. The Confederate Submarine H.L. Hunley and Charleston, SC
  6. Kentucky's Underground Railroad - Passage To Freedom
    Showing Teacher Resources, History of Slavery, Community Research, Time Line.
  7. Slave Voices from the Duke University Special Collections Library
  8. National Gallery of Art - Shaw Memorial: In-Depth Study
    Browse "...the powerful memorial created by Saint-Gaudens to honor one of the first African-American units of the Civil War."
  9. Yahoo! Compromise of 1850
  10. Yahoo! Arts: Fugitive Slave Act
  11. Yahoo! Arts: Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
  12. Yahoo! Arts: Missouri Compromise
  13. Chronology on the History of Slavery 1619 to 1789
  14. History Happens - "On An Underground Railroad"

    From the National Park Service
    Symbols in Battle: Civil War Flags In National Park Service Collections
    I wonder if they would loan a more representative selection to South Carolina.
    Links to the Past: National Park Service Cultural Resources
    The Battle of Horseshoe Bend: Collision of Cultures
    The Building of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal
    Public Archeology in the United States: Introduction
    Explore Your National Parks: Historic Places--Lesson Plans

  15. Chronology on the History of Slavery 1619 to 1789
  16. The Amistad Case
  17. Dept. of State, International Information Programs - African-American History
  18. Civil War Maps Collection
    Reconnaissance, sketch, coastal, and theater-of-war maps which depict troop activities and fortifications during the Civil War.
  19. African-American Experience in Ohio (American Memory, Library of Congress)
  20. The Freedmen's Bureau Online
  21. Homecoming
    Story of "...African American land loss and a chronicle of black farmers from the Civil War to the present. Filmmaker Charlene Gilbert travels to Georgia, the place she calls home, to tell the compelling and epic tale of her family, while she investigates the social and political implications of African American land loss in the South." Watch for it in January.
  22. The Valley of the Shadow: Two Communities in the American Civil War
    Revised and expanded site.
  23. Principio -- History Projects
    Student Research in American History, with a focus on the causes of the Civil War.
  24. Finding Primary Sources on the Civil War, UM Libraries
  25. Stratfrord Hall Seminar on Slavery - 1999
    TOC: The African American Experience at Stratford, The Roots of American Slavery, General Robert E. Lee's opinion on arming the slaves in the Civil War, The 1782 Slave List for Philip Ludwell Lee’s Estate, Archaeology at the Reconstructed Slave Quarters.
  26. The Constitution Community Lesson Plan -- Civil War
    Letters, Telegrams, and Photographs Illustrating Factors that Affected the Civil War.
  27. The American Civil War
  28. Civil War Women - On-line Archival Exhibits at Duke University
  29. Images of the Civil War
  30. Yahoo! Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:Slavery:People:Garrison, William Lloyd (1805-1879)
  31. Columbiad: VOLUME 2 * NUMBER 4 * WINTER 1999
    Civil War quarterly. Five issues currently on-line, with one full article available for reading.
  32. Civil War Cartoons
    The Development of Caricature using Abraham Lincoln for the study.
  33. American Slave Narratives
    WPA narratives. "Dat's all I kin tell you today, honey. Come back when dis misery leave my head and I gwine to think up some tales and old songs." [end p. 93]
    "But I didn't never fool wid no hoodoo and no animal stories neither. I didn't have no time for no sich foolishness. And I ain't scared of nothin' neither." From the Emma Crockett page.
  34. The War For State's Rights
  35. Behind the Stonewall
    Presents 360 Degree Panoramic Images From Civil War Battlefields (Gettysburg/Chickamuaga/79th PA Infantry). You will need the special plug-in (which is easily downloaded on the site) to display the images.
  36. Civil War-An Illinois Soldier
    Well organized and presented. I like the chaps pipe.
  37. The Impeachment of Andrew JohnsonScreen shot
    Worth a visit for the Impeachment Simulation alone, but the site also presents online access to Harper's Weekly coverage of the 1868 articles on the topic with over 200 excerpts from 1865-1869. Student understanding to support the simulation is covered by such topics as: Key Political Issues Affecting the Impeachment, Reconstruction Policy: Radicalism versus Conservatism, Future Control of Congress, The Tenure of Office Act, Personal Considerations Affecting the Vote to Impeach, What Were the Impeachment Arguments of 1867-1868, The legal, political and Constitutional arguments for and against Impeachment and a background information on the important figures in the impeachment drama. What Happened in Andrew Johnson's Presidency?
  38. NOAA History - Main Page
    An amazing resource of historical information. I browsed the Civil War collection, which offers information organized by state. Graphics (maps) can be viewed on-line or downloaded. Oral history (Stories & Tales Sea stories, fish tales, weather stories, old surveyor's tales, war stories), Art & Poetry and a Photo Library showing a collection of historical imagery -- including images "..illustrating meteorology and climatology , geodetic and hydrographic surveying, fisheries science, marine biology, geophysics, and the military uses of these disciplines." The and Chart Collection covers the mid-1800's through the early 1900's.
  39. The American Civil War Homepage
    One of the best pages on the War..
  40. Freedmen and Southern Society Project
    A look (with samples on-line) at the work of the "...pioneering scholarship of the Freedmen and Southern Society Project." Four volumes prepared for general readers and classroom use are also available. These include: Free at Last: A Documentary History of Slavery, Freedom, and the Civil War, Slaves No More: Three Essays on Emancipation and the Civil War, Families and Freedom: A Documentary History of African-American Kinship in the Civil War Era and Freedom's Soldiers: The Black Military Experience in the Civil War.
  41. Lesson Plan: The Civil War
    Fiction and the study of the Civil War.
  42. Gettysburg
  43. American History Inspirer: The Civil War
  44. Civil War Maps
    Battle site Map of Engagement Near Lynchburg -- June 18, 1864 and a Map of the Engagement at Harper's Ferry -- July 4, 1864. Both maps are large, detailed and in color...
  45. Women and the American Civil War - Home
  46. History Happens
    See the online lesson "On An Underground Railroad."
    Features a fine collection of Web resources in the "Unbroken Links" section.
  47. Blue & Gray Magazine
    A bi-monthly, full-color publication featuring the work of the nation's leading Civil War historians. See historic images and modern-day color photographs, large color Battle Maps, Tour Map, driving tour and more.
  48. Civil Wars in North America
  49. Battle of Saratoga
  50. Handguns of the Civil War, by Kerry Barlow
  51. Exploring Amistad: Race and the Boundaries of Freedom in Antebellum Maritime America
    Presents acitivies and lessons (including six sent to the site by teachers) on the Amistad incident.
  52. Virginia's Civil War from Page One Inc.
  53. The Interactive Atlas of Western Maryland: The Gettysburg National Battlefield
  54. (Slavery: Frequently Asked Questions)
  55. Poetry and Music of the War Between the States
    An online book.
  59. Harriet Tubman and The Underground Railroad for Children
  60. Civil War Ironclads Available! Union and Confederate Ironclad model kits.
  61. The Day Lincoln Was Shot
  62. Handguns of the Civil War, by Kerry Barlow
  63. U.S. Civil War Diaries & Letters
  64. The Valley of the Shadow: Civil War Years
    Following the project's first site (A CD will be published on the first phase later this year) provided details on the coming of the war. This portion of the Project takes two communities, one Northern and one Southern, through the experience of the American Civil War. "The project is a hypermedia archive of thousands of sources for the period before, during, and after the Civil War for Augusta County, Virginia, and Franklin Country, Pennsylvania. Those sources include newspapers, letters, diaries, photographs, maps, church records, population census, agricultural census, and military records. Students can explore every dimension of the conflict and write their own histories, reconstructing the life stories of women, African Americans, farmers, politicians, soldiers, and families." The last segement -- Emancipation and Reconstruction will be published later.
  65. ENAM 311 Project
    The Debate in the 1831-32 Virginia General Assembly on the Abolition of Slavery.
  66. North & South magazine
    Civil War Magazine.
  67. Mr. Lincoln's Virtual Library
  68. Civil War Soldiers & Sailors System
    Basic facts about servicemen who served on both sides during the Civil War as well as a list of regiments in both the Union and Confederate Armies.
  69. American Civil War Ethnography-Home
    A page dedicated to examining the culture that existed in the United States during the Civil War using primary source materials from that time period. The site examines the main topics of: Civil War Overview, Letters From Battle, Female Perspective, Slave Narratives and Civil War Photos.
  70. Battle of Olustee Home Page
    Civil War battle in Florida.
  71. The Fight for Equal Rights: Black Soldiers in the Civil War
    From the National Archives and Records Administration.
  72. Welcome to the U.S. Civil War Center!
  73. The American Civil War Homepage
    One of the more comprehensive and well organized pages on the topic.
  74. Confederate Broadside Poems
    Over 250 examples of poems written by southerners and Confederate sympathizers during the Civil War.
  75. The Meade Archive
    A new website dedicated to the life of Major General George Gordon Meade as a Union leader.
  76. American Studies @ The University of Virginia
    See the The Yellow Pages: Student Projects I briefly explored the project on Kansas (Crucible of American Experience), with an Introductory Essay and links to pages on The Massachusetts Emigrant Aid Society, 'With the Border Ruffians': R.H. Wilson, John Brown and the Pottawatomie Creek Killings, General Jim Lane, William Quantrill and the Lawrence Massacre, List of Primary Texts and the entire hypertext on line of 'With the Border Ruffians': R.H. Wilson.
  77. The Meade Archive
    Dedicated to the life of Major General George Gordon Meade, the "...longest-serving commander of the Army of the Potomac and victor of the Battle of Gettysburg.
  78. Welcome To The Institute For Civil War Research
    Unit histories for both sides.
  79. Education First: Black History Activities
  80. Black History Activities - Slavery
  81. Civil War Resources on the Internet: Abolitionism to Reconstruction
  82. The W.E.B. Du Bois Virtual University
    Biographical articles on Du Bois, classroom materials and one Du Bois' online text.
  83. Civil War Cartoons
  84. The Road to 1860
  85. The American Civil War Homepage
    Place this address at the very top of your Civil War links. It is current and very extensive.
  86. Civil War Page
  87. Causes of the Civil War
  88. Freedmen and Southern Society Project
    Freedom: A Documentary History of Emancipation, 1861-1867.
  89. A Journey Towards Freedom

  90. AMISTAD Links
    This site presents a comprehensive listing of links to pages about the AMISTAD and the AMISTAD incident. Links to "Building the Freedom Schooner" and AMISTAD America Inc, a non-profit educational organization formed to promote the project to build the replica of the ship at Mystic Seaport: The Museum of America. Exploring Amistad, "Race and the Boundaries of Slavery in Antebellum Maritime America." The page links to historical resources relating to the revolt and trial of enslaved Africans aboard the AMISTAD. The Amistad Research Center
    provides a manuscript collection with "...over ten million documents, the African-American Art Collection, and the African Art collection, a collection of oral history interviews..." Other links to: AMISTAD the film (The official Steven Spileberg film web site), 1841 Amistad US Supreme Court decision (Full Text of the 1841 US Supreme Court Decision regarding the uprising), a description of the the AMISTAD Trail and the Amistad Transcription Project.
  91. Education World (tm) - Special Theme Articles
    The Amistad Comes to Life!
  92. Amistad America, Inc.
  94. Full info on 'Amistad'
  95. Amistad
  96. MOVIEWEB: Amistad
  97. Slave Ship
    "In 1839, a young African man, Sengbeh Pieh, led a revolt on the Amistad, a merchant schooner carrying a cargo of slaves." Discovery Channel site for the recent program.
  98. Amistad
    I enjoyed the "html" version, which runs like a short slide presentation.
  99. History 300: Amistad Project
    Resource for students in History 300 (Historical Methods) with transcribed documents from the William S. Holabird papers (Amistad archive), part of the Gilder Lehrman Collection. Holabird was the District Attorney for Connecticut in prosecuting the government's case against the Amistad captives. Student papers online inlcude:
    1. History of the Amistad Incident Colleen Gormley, Scott Clark, and Chris Felton.
    2. History of Trials Dan Worley, Joy Peacock, Meredith Lynn, and Chris Schumacher.
    3. The Role of Abolitionists George Crozer, Trevor Waddington, and Susan Mesick .
    4. Van Buren Administration and Campaign Brian Ritter, Charles Gaeta, and Joe Wood.
    5. The Role of John Quincy Adams Valerie Avena, Jeff Muldoon, and Travis Kreider.
    6. Viewpoint of Proslavery Forces Kelly Kemp and Jen Sollenberger.
  100. The Amistad Affair in the Gilder Lehrman Collection
  101. Amistad -- A Three Act Play
    Based on the event in American history. Download in Rich Text or Word 6.0.
  102. LII Amistad Home Page
    This site provides some background on the Barbara Chase-Riboud case against Dreamworks. Present a very good TOC with links to past and current controversies associated with the Amistad.
  103. W.E.B Du Bois Institute
    See the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database. The Institute has a number of interesting projects detailed at the site for further inquiry.
  104. The Amistad Case
    The NARA site offers teaching activities and correlation with the National Standards for History.
  105. Amistad Court Presentation
    Former President John Quincy Adams present the case to the court.
  106. A Slave Ship Speaks
    The Wreck of the Henrietta Marie.
  107. DPLS Archive: Slave Movement During the 18th and 19th Centuries
    Contains information on slave trade topics from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, including: "...records of slave ship movement between Africa and the Americas, slave ships of eighteenth century France, slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, Virginia slave trade in the eighteenth century, English slave trade (House of Lords Survey), Angola slave trade in the eighteenth century, internal slave trade to Rio de Janeiro, slave trade to Havana, Cuba, Nantes slave trade in the eighteenth century, and slave trade to Jamaica."
    In addition to other items, the site also provides a page with links to recent electronic publications on slavery and related topics. See the fine LINKS page.
  109. Slave Voices from the Duke University Special Collections Library
  110. American Civil War Information Archive
  111. West Virginia in the Civil War
  112. Grant
    A new site but sporting excellent information and graphics.
  113. Freedmen and Southern Society Project
    Documents (and some images) by and about slaves and former slaves during the Civil War and information on emancipation during the war.
  114. The 1850s: Union in Peril
    Listen to one of Lincoln's campaign songs from the 1860 presidential election. The "must visit" link on the page, however, is the Crisis at Fort Sumter. An informational page inlcudes: Background, Dilemmas of Compromise, Lincoln's Inauguration, Initial Problems at Forts Pickens and Sumter, Hesitation and Decision, Final Orders, And The War Came, Aftermath, Reflections. The "Final Orders" page presents two calendars for March and April of 1861. The calendars have clickable dates that link to text files of events, people and decisions made on that date so that students can follow in detail the sequence of events. This is an exceptional technique for a "micro" study of unfolding historical events. With this detailed background available (and other data on the site and in most texts,) students can proceed to "Lincoln's Final Choices" -- a page that details the options available. Informaton describing the situation and the choices is hyperlinked back to the main pages in case students need to review critical information. Finally, students are given these instructions:
    "Consider all the information and advice presented, and place yourself in Lincoln's position. What Policy Would You Choose and Why? Would You: Abort the Sumter Mission and Withdraw from the Fort, Proceed with his Relief Efforts or Choose Some Other Course of Action"

    Students then use the Notebook to write an answer explaining their decision (they are provided with a link to Lincoln's actual decision). The "Notebook" is a Web form that requires a CGI script on the server. However, The contents of the Notebook on the site are not saved. If you send students to the site and ask them to repsond, have them e-mail the Notebook contents to you. For example: Send E-Mail to your email address here. Five "action/response" problems are provided on the site.

  115. Lincoln Memorial Virtual Visitors' Center
  116. Abraham Lincoln for Primary Children
  117. Pharaoh's Army
    Civil War movie site. Read reviews of the program and listen to a RealAudio interview with director and writer Robby Henson on National Public Radio's Morning Edition.
  118. Civil War Publishing Project
    Created by students in American History 9 at the Friedell Center for Ninth Grade Learning in Rochester, Minnesota. Students completed original research using resources found in the media lab and public library. Includes Student handouts for Web Publishing Assignment.
  119. The Civil War in Arkansas
    Fearures "... a searchable database so you can find out what happened in various counties during the war in Arkansas, Civil War stories about ancestors of current Arkansans, information about several groups in Arkansas dedicated to recording, reenacting and studying our Civil War heritage, and an interactive message board in which you can share all you know ..about the Civil War in Arkansas."
  120. Virtual Antebellum Richmond
    TOC: The Ladies' Aid Society (Confederate service), Richmond Theatre: fire!, Anna Chalmer's school for girls, Offices of the Southern Planter, The seedier pubs at Rocketts Landing, Jackson Ward: free people of color, Richmond Female Academy, Offices of the Southern Literary Messenger, The Governor's Mansion (draft), Governor Henry Wise's office (draft), Rail crossing: watch your step!, First Baptist Church of Richmond: meet Lott Cary.
  121. The American Civil War Series
    Featuring all War Times Journal resources relating to the American Civil War.
  122. Civil War Gazette
    "You are a team of newspaper reporters, living in the civil war era. Battles are raging all around you: brother pitted against brother; father against son; neighbor against neighbor."
  123. Civil War Interactive
    Zine on the Civil War. Interested in making an Irish Stew for 50 people ?? Find out how here.
  124. General Officers of the Civil War
  125. Making of America
    A collaborative effort of the University of Michigan and Cornell University to form "...a thematically-related digital library documenting American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction." The universities plan to have over 5,000 volumes scanned and made available to the academic communities at each institution. Hope they can showcase a few more for this site. Have students hit the "browse" image and select an item from the data. Pages are present in graphic format, where an image of the page is presented. Takes a little time for the image to form.
  126. Civil War Page
    From Dakota State... a very complete listing of links.
  127. The African-American Mosaic
    Established and expanding site. See: Personal Stories and ACS New Directions, Abolition Influence of Prominent Abolitionists, Conflict of Abolition and Slavery, Migration, Western Migration and Homesteading, Chicago: Destination for the Great Migration, WPA, Cavalcade of the American Negro, Authors and the Federal Writers' Project, Ex-slave Narratives.
  128. The American Civil War--1861-1865
  129. Virginia Military Institute Archives Home Page
  130. Virginia's Civil War from Page One Inc.
    This is the Civil War site all should visit -- as it features descriptions of many of the major battles and describes tours to visit the battle site today (with out all the flashy tourist hype.
  131. Civil War Image Map
    Presents a clickable map of the US that generates an image map of battles and national park sites.
  132. Lincoln's War Cabinet
    With a nice collection of Civil War links.
  133. Chicago Historical Society: Last Best Hope
    Abraham Lincoln and The Promise of America. Use the "here" button to explore the Lincoln exhibit (half way down page) and return later to explore the other links on the page.
  134. The District of Columbia Emancipation Act
  135. Chicago Historical Society: Last Best Hope
    Abraham Lincoln. While the materials at this location on Lincoln are rather limited (site under heavy construction), the Society researched and linked other Lincoln sites on the Internet. View it as a gateway for the study of Lincoln, and, a site to return to frequently.
  136. Abraham Lincoln Research Site
    Conducts research in response to e-mail questions concerning President Abraham Lincoln's life and accomplishments.
  137. In Search of the Real Abe Lincoln
  138. Abraham Lincoln Assassination
  139. Abraham Lincoln's Assassination
    Visit Ford's Theatre, reproduced 1865 Lincoln Assassination Newspapers, The Postmortem Career of John Wilkes Booth, Interesting Facts about Lincoln's Assassination and Similarities Between the Lincoln/Kennedy Assassinations.
  140. Abraham Lincoln
    Graphics published by students of Berwick Academy Class of 2008. The key word here is "published" and the concept can be applied to all grade levels.
  141. U.S. Civil War Center -- Index of Civil War Information available on the Internet
  142. Blue and Gray Trail-Introduction
    Stories of the Trail
  143. American Slave Narratives
    WPA project From 1936 to 1938 involving interviews with thousands of former slaves from across the American South, with first-hand accounts of their experiences on plantations, in cities, and on small farms.
  144. Project of the Month
    Andrew Jackson's Hermitage. Archaeology Program to examine various sites on the Hermitage property to gain a more detailed picture of life and labor of the 130 African American slaves.
  145. Battles of Ft. Henry & Donelson
    Also links to the battles of: Belmont, Lexington & Parkers Crossroads and Johnsonville. Information on the Gunboats and the "Birth of the Blitzkrieg."
  146. Admiral D. G. Farragut Museum
    Cvil War Photos.
  147. Another Civil War Links Page
  148. Hunley update
    Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley sank in the aftermath of her maiden attack on the Union warship USS Housatonic. One of the first submarines, and the first to be used successfully in warfare.
  149. Archaeology at the Andersonville Civil War Prison Camp, Southeast Archaeological Center
    PBS Movie of the prison.
  151. MoC Home Page
    New address of The Museum and White House of the Confederacy.
  152. Civil War - Soviet Viewpoint - Part 1
  153. A Year of Glory
    The story of the first twelve months of the Army of Northern Virginia under Robert E. Lee.
  155. Review of Lee's Retreat
  156. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:19th Century:Civil War (1861-1865):Museums and Memorials
  157. VMI Archives. Civil War Web Resources
  158. The American Civil War Homepage
  159. CMOHS
    Research the origins of the Congressional Metal of Honor.
  160. 54th. Mass. Volunteer Infantry, Co. I
    Profile of African American soldier in the American Civil War in South Carolina.
  161. The American Civil War and Reconstruction
  162. Selected Civil War Photographs Home Page
  163. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:19th Century:Civil War (1861-1865):Unit Histories:Union
  164. Flags of the Confederacy
  165. The Civil War Page
    Supporting American Civilization II - Spring 1995
  166. Causes of the Civil War
  167. Civil War at a Glance
    Text file summary.
  168. "CivilWar"
  169. * Welcome to The Florida Star *
    Links for Civil War researchers and reenactors.
  170. National Museum of Women in the Arts
  171. National Civil Rights Museum
  172. United States Presidents
  173. U.S. History Source Documents
  174. Antietam - A Photographic Tour
  175. Texas Historical Commission
    Over 100 sites listed.
  177. The Valley of the Shadow: Living the Civil War in Pennsylvania and Virginia
    Older version site.
  178. Valley of the Shadow
    Got the address of the newest version?
  179. The History Place
    Currently showing a photo history of JFK and a series of pages on Lincoln and the Civil War.
  180. The Civil War Home Page
    Letters & Diaries | Battles | Photo Gallery | General Interest | Genealogy | People| Documents | Unit Information.
  181. Gettysburg
  182. Sojourner Truth
  183. Sojourner Truth Stamp and Reading List
  184. Selected Underground Railroad Resources
    The Walk to Canada.
  185. We the Slaveowners -- Fall 95 Policy Review
  186. Custer Battlefield Historical & Museum Association
    A non-profit educational and research association on the history of the Custer Battlefield, the Battle of Little Big Horn, and the general study of the Plains Indian Wars.
  187. United States Civil War
    See "Today in the Civil War."
  188. The Cemetery
  189. Lecture 01: Reconstructing the Nation
  190. The Civil War Online
  191. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:19th Century:Civil War (1861-1865):Unit Histories:Confederate States Of America
  192. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:19th Century:Civil War (1861-1865):Unit Histories:Union
    Unit histories... Yahoo also lists Confederate unit histories.
  193. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
    Features a New World Slavery Syllabus, Slavery Bibliography and Excerpts from Slave Narratives. WPA Life Histories also online.
  194. CSS Alabama Digital Collection
    Digital versions of documents and images associated with the Confederate raiding ship Alabama. Includes an image gallery, a primary documents menu, and Virtual Journey page. "The Journey page is an image map tracing the route of the Alabama. Users can click on points on the map to access text files and images associated with that geographical location. The site includes log books, photos, prints, musical scores, newspaper accounts, letters, interviews, Confederate records, and various other types of original source material."
  195. The Museum of African Slavery
    See the extensive list of student sites.
  196. Gettysburg
  197. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:19th Century:Civil War (1861-1865):Unit Histories:Confederate States Of America
  198. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:19th Century:Civil War (1861-1865):Unit Histories:Union
    Unit histories... Yahoo also lists Confederate unit histories.
  199. Duke University Special Collections Library
    Major exhibits: America Votes,Civil War Women, Third Person, First Person: Slave Voices from the Special Collections Library and Still Going On:A multimedia celebration of the centenary of the birth of William Grant. Key links to: Forced Migration - The Slave Trade and the Nature of Chattel Slavery, Plantation America - The Work of Slaves, The Age of Revolutions - Two Kinds of Freedom, Black Southerners in the Old South - The Slave Community, The Problem of Freedom - The Destruction of American Slavery, Freedom's Strange Fruit.
  200. Gettysburg - The Turning Point in the Civil War
    Page written for the Thinkquest Competition.
  201. William Tecumseh Sherman
  202. Chickamauga
    Events leading up to the second bloodiest battle of the Civil War.
  203. ACW
    Authentic Music of the Civil War.
  204. Toni Morrison
    Although this page is linked elsewhere in the index, the historical dimensions of this web site merit assignment to the history page as well. See the links to Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise 0f 1850, Fugitive Slave Act, Slavery polarizes the American States, Lincoln Attacks Slavery, Dred Scott Case and Related documents and sites of interest.
  205. Shenandoah 1864: The Valley in Flames
    Conference site for a Penn State course with good background on the battle available.
  206. Battlefield of Gettysburg Map
    Detail maps (9) offered on site with some details of the battle.
  207. Duke University Special Collections Library
    Civil War Women: On-line Archival Collections featuring scanned pages and texts of the writings of women during the American Civil War. Currently includes the 1864 diary of a 16 year old girl and the papers of Confederate spy, Rose O'Neal Greenhow.
  208. Lesson Plan The Civil War
  209. Rose O'Neal Greenhow Papers at Duke
    Story of "...a leader in Washington society, a passionate secessionist, and one of the most renowned spies in the Civil War.
  210. Alice Williamson Diary
    Duke University Special Collections Librarydiary of a Tennessee schoolgirl chronicles life during the Civil War.
  211. What's New on Yahoo - Arts:Civil War
  212. Civil War Artillery Web Site
    A great page. I especially liked the link for "What is Artillery?" and the grapic with the major parts of an artillery piece (soon to be an image map) with links to descriptions and explanations.
  213. The Sinking of the Steamship SULTANA near Memphis
  214. The Underground Railroad
  215. Education First's Black History Month Website
    Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl.
  216. Memorial Day
    Links to War, Peace, Memorials, links to 0ther Sites, Literature, Poetry, Letters, What They had to say on War and Peace. The Memorial Day was first applied after the Civil War and later applied to those who died in all American wars.
  217. Virtual Antebellum Richmond
    A collection of student papers on: The Ladies' Aid Society (Confederate service), Richmond Theatre: fire!, Anna Chalmer's school for girls, Offices of the Southern Planter, The seedier pubs at Rocketts Landing, Jackson Ward: free people of color, Richmond Female Academy, Offices of the Southern Literary Messenger, Tredegar Iron Works (draft), The Governor's Mansion (draft), Governor Henry Wise's office (draft), Rail crossing: watch your step!, First Baptist Church of Richmond: meet Lott Cary.
  218. Civil War Poetry and Music Home Page
    Poetry and music from both sides of the Mason Dixon Line, with links to other Civil War sites.
  219. TSA: Civil War Studies
    The Smithsonian Associates Civil War Studies.
  221. Camp Moore Confederate Cemetery and Museum
  222. The War Between the States (American Civil War)
    From the National Park Service. Links to all the sites with Civil War associations and an essay on the war. Links to Civil War battlefields that are part of the Park Service. SeeMonocacy National Battlefield as an example of a "typical" Civil War page.
  223. U.S. Grant Network Home Page
  224. U.S. Civil War Center
    Louisiana State University -- Baton Rouge. See the excellent Index of resources!
  225. Chicago Historical Society
    Special exhibit on Lincoln with a photo essay.
  226. The Works of Abraham Lincoln
  227. Abraham Lincoln Online
    Links to: Lincoln Quiz, Speeches/Writings, Historic Places, Lincoln Resources, Lincoln's Thinking.
  228. Civil War Images
    Indexed by subject and location.
  229. Ohio in the Civil War
    Infantry Infantry, Cavalry, Other Units Bibliography, Prison Camps, War Stories and Research Sites.
  230. Major General Edward Johnson, C.S.A. OnLine
    Confederate General.
  231. Civil War data
    Major emphasis - the American Civil War of 1861-1865. Secondary emphasis - publishing cemetery records of various Oklahoma Counties. Links to Union Soldiers buried in Oklahoma and Kansas, Sinking of the steamship SULTANA, 8th Iowa Cavalry, Cahaba Prison, Grand Army of the Republic, plus records of many Oklahoma cemeteries.
  232. Virginia Tech Libraries Special Collections Home Page CIVIL WAR
    Letters and diaries from Union and Confederate soldiers, homefront letters, memoirs, and contemporary research files.
  233. Cincinnati CWRT Home Page
    Cincinnati Civil War Round Table.
  234. The Ulysses S. Grant Association
    Links to The Papers of Ulysses S. Grantand Grant's Military Service and Death of General Grant and a poem by Walt Whitman. You might want to visit the Walt Whitman Home Page - American Memory Collection, to see the recovered notebooks from the Thomas Biggs Harned Walt Whitman Collection. Offers access to four Walt Whitman notebooks and a cardboard butterfly that disappeared from the Library of Congress in 1942 and was returned in 1995. Broad site topics: the arts, celebrities and prominent individuals, poetry, war (Civil War). While you are at the site, click on "Future Collections" for a view of what is planned for the future.
  235. Civil War Order of Battle
  236. Illinois in the Civil War
    Histories of Illinois Regiments, Heroes from Illinois, Sites in Illinois, etc., 1858 Lincoln-Douglas Senatorial Election Debates, Dyer's Histories of: 102nd--103rd--104th--105th Illinois Infantries, History of the 119th Illinois Infantry, US Postal Service Civil War stamps, Famous Illinoisians with Civil War ties, Flags of Illinois Regiments, Brief Intro to Genealogy & the American Civil War.
  238. Letters from an Iowa Soldier in the Civil War
    Sent by Newton Robert Scott, Private, Company A, of the 36th Infantry, Iowa Volunteers.
  239. Welcome to the U.S. Civil War Center!
    The "... only comprehensive Civil War research center in existence."
  240. Civil War Documents and Books
  241. U. S. History Maps
    From the Perry Castaneda Library.
  242. 19th Alabama at Chickamauga

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Last revised February 9, 2001

For suggestions on sites to add and possible lessons and applications, contact Dennis Boals -

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