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Essays By High School Students From Twenty Countries
North America/Canada

Part of the History/Social Studies
Web Site for K-12 Teachers
"The twilight zone that lies between living memory and written history is one of the favorite breeding places for mythology." (C. Vann Woodward)



  1. NMAA: An Edward Hopper Scrapbook
    Hopper's bio with a good selection of his paintings. From the Smithsonian's American Art Museum. If time permits, view the home page for American Art from the Smithsonian. You might also want to visit the listing of present and past Online Exhibits. I also enjoyed the "Directors Choice" ( The Girl I Left Behind Me by Eastman Johnson when I visited).
  2. The Lincoln Project
    Still under construction, but well worth a visit now.. The site will focuse "...on the circumstances of Abraham Lincoln's life and career that shaped him to become one of our nation's greatest individuals and leaders."
  3. Edmonia Lewis, the First African-American Sculptor of Renown - San José Public Library
    "The circuitous route of Edmonia Lewis' masterwork, a controversial portrayal of Cleopatra at the moment of death, included stints as decor in a Chicago saloon and as a grave marker for a racehorse..."
  4. Penn Special Collections - Anderson exhibit
    This is one of the most engaging and informative sites I have visited recently. "This exhibition celebrates the artistic development and musical career of Marian Anderson. Renowned throughout the world for her extraordinary contralto voice, she is also remembered for her dignity and grace under pressure. Through the mechanism of recorded sound, we can continue to enjoy Ms. Anderson's renderings of Lieder and spirituals. Through the reflected light of photographs, we can glimpse the preparation and performance of her repertoire. And through the papers that she left behind, we can investigate and understand how, when, where, and with whom her life took shape, was enriched, and became enriching not only for her audiences but also for others in need."
    Table of Contents: A Philadelphia Story, The European Tours, Guarding the Flame, Spirituals in Recital, The First Decade, Singing to the Nation, Philadelphia Revisited, Magic at the Met, Video and Audio Excerpts from Interviews and Performances.
  5. Explore Invention at the Lemelson Center
    Click on "CenterPieces" for virtual exhibits and in-depth explorations of invention topics. Start "Digging Deeper" to access resources on the history of invention.
  6. Hedrick Smith Productions | Duke Ellington's Washington
    Washington during the era of Duke Ellington.
  7. Home for Heroes - The Armed Forces Retirement Home
  8. The American Experience | Houdini
    Looks like an interesting program on a topic that teachers would not normally use and that is not covered in detail in most U.S. History texts. The site offers a fine teacher's guide with viewing questions and activities for students. To air Monday, January 24, 2000. Houdini's greatest escapes, with archival footage, re-creations performed by professional escape artists and interviews with illusionist David Copperfield.
  9. The American Experience | The Duel (Launching on January 21, 2000)
    To air February 14, 2000 with a Web site launch date of January 21, 2000. Background on the duel and the men involved, in the context of the era's history, and: A history of American dueling, Excerpts from Hamilton’s Federalist Papers, Aaron Burr’s rebellious schemes, Excerpts from Burr trial transcripts, A Burr-Hamilton timeline, Background information on the people and important events in the enhanced transcript and A guide on how to use "The Duel" in your classroom.
  10. The American Experience | John Brown’s Holy War (Launching on February 4, 2000)
    Program broadcast date: February 28, 2000
  11. The American Experience | George Wallace: Settin’ The Woods on Fire (Launching on March 31, 2000)
    Program broadcast date: April 23 and 24, 2000.
  12. The American Experience | Joe DiMaggio: The Hero’s Life
    To air Friday, April 14, 2000. See: Try to duplicate DiMaggio’s hitting streak with this interactive game, Online poll (what are baseball’s greatest records?), What made DiMaggio such a great player, From Rookie to legend: a DiMaggio timeline, Get it from the horse’s mouth -- excerpts from DiMaggio’s autobiography and Background information on the people and important events in the enhanced transcript.
  13. The American Experience | George Eastman (Launching on April 28, 2000)
    "Meet the brilliant innovator and entrepreneur who revolutionized the photographic industry. Access interactive activities illustrating how photography works, learn how the Civil War played a role in the growth of photography, peruse a gallery of famous Kodak photos and more."
  14. The American Experience | Nixon's China Game
  15. P.O.V. Interactive
    Regret to Inform traces Sonneborn's pilgrimage to the remote Vietnamese countryside where her husband died. "She explores the meaning of war and loss on a human level, and weaves interviews with Vietnamese and American widows into a vivid testament to the chilling legacy of war."
  16. Theodore Roosevelt page 1
  17. The Past Men of the Year
    70 years of selections
  18. Daycroft Montessori
    See the extensive section on American Presidents.
  19. The American Experience | Eleanor Roosevelt
    "Discover the vibrant life of one of this century's most influential women. Read selections from Eleanor's newspaper column "My Day," follow a timeline of events in her life, read her recently declassified FBI file, access a classroom guide and much more."
    [More oral history sites are listed on the General History page.]

    Interested in Oral History? Join the APH (Association of Personal Historians) discussion list. It is composed of a group of writers, editors, oral historians, and videographers who offer assistance in preserving lifestories and is open to "...anyone interested in preserving personal or family memories, oral histories, corporate histories, or teaching others how to do these things." Subscribe by sending Email to LISTSERV@SJUVM.STJOHNS.EDU and in the body of the message type "SUBSCRIBE APH yourfirstname yourlastname"

  1. My Mother's War Entry Page
    Presents an interesting oral history page of nurses in World War I. The site includes journals and scrapbooks of experiences on the hospital troop trains in France.
       Search this site                 powered by FreeFind
  2. US History Out Loud
  3. NGSW - The National Gallery of the Spoken Word
    See the H-Net press release -- on the Gallery.
  4. Oral History in the Teaching of U.S. History
    by Carl R. Siler.
  5. U.S. Naval Institute Oral History
    Special projects involving early WAVE officers, the Polaris ballistic missile submarine program, Vietnam War prisoners of war, Fleet Admiral Chester Nimitz, and the first black naval officers. Books of the extensive oral history collection at the Institute can be mailed and used for 30 days for about $5.00.
  6. The Whole World Was Watching
    An oral history of 1968. The Sophomore Class at SKHS conducted the interviews about 1968.
  7. Gathering the Forgotten Voices: An Approach to Oral History
  8. Folklife Sourcebook: A Directory of Folklife Resources in the United States, a Publication of the American Folklife Center, Library of Congress

  9. Folklife and Fieldwork (Guide)


  11. Digital Tradition Folk Song Full Text Search
  12. UCLA Folklore Archives - Links
  13. The Mudcat Cafe presents The Digital Traditions Folksong Database Search Page
  14. Library of Congress Exhibits
  15. WPA Life Histories--Home Page. Stop in a Voyager for a review of the Folklore Project.
  16. American Folklife Center Home Page
  17. Life History Manuscripts from the Folklore Project
  18. Images of the Southwest -- Southern Arizona Folk Arts
    Covering: Quilts, Easter Eggs (and Paper and Wood) from Europe, Cowboy and Western Art, Chicano Murals in Tucson, Low Riders, Mexican-American Paperwork and an essay Mexican Food in Tucson.
  19. The Oral History Experience
    AN INSTRUCTIONAL METHODOLOGY. See The 16 Steps In Creating a Student Oral History.
  20. The Montgomery County Commmunity - Oral History
  21. Elvis Presley Online
    Although you might browse the "Elvis Oral History" link first, the entire site is engaging and interesting. Students might be asked to examine the impact of Elvis on the history of American music or the impact that others had on Elvis. Elvis might be examined in the context of the 60s as a revolutionary era, or how great fame and fortune influence character. Other icons/idols might be folded in....Monroe and Dean.
  22. Oral History Internet Resources
  23. GGDP, Oral History Links
  24. Oral History Project
    Conducted by the Department of Space History, National Air and Space Museum from 1981 through 1990. These projects include: the Space Astronomy Oral History Project, the Space Telescope History Project, the Glennan-Webb-Seamans Project for Research in Space History and the RAND History Project.
  25. Oral History Internet Resources
  26. Oral History Evaluation Guidelines
  27. New England Association of Oral History
  28. Oral History Project
  29. just . . . a publication
    Oral History, with links to other oral history sites. Fetures a collection of first-hand accounts from all levels of society. The current issue look at Volunteers in Service to America, who "...worked with community members to alleviate poverty in the United States, from rural Appalachia to the inner city." Links to: Brief History of VISTA, Gallery of Images, a Search Database of VISTA Experiences, Stories told by VISTA Volunteers, mailing list discussion group and Contribute to the Living History.
  30. Education First: Life in Our America
    This lesson/template, designed for California students, can easily be adapted for any school with an Internet connection and students willing to do the interviews with significant people. It will introduct them to the interview process, recording oral history and evaluating and presenting the information gathered.
  31. Oral History Review
  32. USU Oral History Program
    Major sections: Electronic Collection | Educational Resources | Oral History Links. The oral history information in the Electronic Collection is indexed by subject, last name and location. Be sure to see the collection of oral histories called "Memorats" in the "Life Maps" in the Electronic Collection. A link in the "Resources" section explains how to make them. Other links in the "Resources" inlcude: The Significance of Oral History, How To Collect Oral Histories, Telling Effective Life Stories, Telling Stories From Our Lives.
  33. WWII Preservation Society
    Oral history records organized by war theatres.
  34. The Kansas Collection Welcome Page
    This is a large site with plenty of interesting links to explore, but especially good for Kansas oral history.
  35. Bureau of Reclamation History Program
    Includes links to an Oral History Program, Project Histories, Research Assistance and a Photographic Collection.
    Inlcudes some fine links to oral history sites.
  37. Center for Life Stories Preservation, Index
    A great oral history site featuring Family Stories • Military Memoirs • Reunions • Genealogy • Anniversaries. Visitors are encouraged to "... celebrate and preserve their stories before they're lost and support them in accomplishing that goal through a variety of methods."
  38. What my father/uncle/etc. did in the war."
    Text file rather than hyperlinked oral history essays, but grab it for reading later. This site and the companion site on "Grandma" illustrate the importance of intergenerational interviews for creating oral history and, in the process, personalizing the events of history. In the case of World War II memories, time is fast approaching when it will be impossible to conduct these interviews.
  39. What did you do in the war, Grandma?
    See "Teaching English via Oral History" by Judi Scott and Linda P. Wood.
    "A seven stage model that includes 16 Steps in Creating a Student Oral History. Part of the project :a virtual community where people come to share knowledge and feelings about The Promised Land migrations and the 1995 Assignment Discovery series. Here, The Promised Land is understood to be a centerpiece of the African American experience...a formative chapter of US history...a departure point for myriad academic and cultural inquiries...and a continuing journey toward a better future."
  41. Oral History Questions
  42. Stirling Speaks: An Oral History Project (Stirling, Alberta, Canada)
    Oral histories from a number of Stirling's(Alberta, Canada) old-timers to provide a view of surviving examples of early 20th-century Mormon settlement patterns in Western Canada.
  43. The HHS Intercom: Oral History Project
  44. Homestead City, 1896
    A Living History Experience from a century ago.
  45. What did you do in the war, Grandma?
    An oral history of Rhode Island on women during World War II, written by South Kingston High School students. Victory gardens, ration books, pompadours, and big bands. Guadalcanal, Malaria, V-mail, and nylons. F.D.R., radio, retreads and war bonds, Bob Hope and khaki and Quonset and short skirts.
    Currently features three oral histories -- Interview with William H. Bauer, New Brunswick, Interview with M. Leon Canick and Interview with Joseph W. Katz, New Brunswick.
    Some key questions about oral history:
    How reliable is oral history? What is the difference between oral history, oral tradition and folklore? Can oral testimonies be considered records of what actually happened in the past? Or are they subjective reflections of the beliefs, values, and attitudes of the individuals and communities that narrate them? What can we learn from oral history that cannot be found in other, more traditional historical documents?
    (From a course description Oral History: Theory, Methods, Practice, Dr. Rick Halpern, London and Dr. Roger Horowitz, Delaware Department of History, University of Bergen.)
  47. Classic Images - Vol. 259 - January 1997 Issue
    Current issue online with an archive of the last 8 months. Each reproduces the cover (worth a visit alone) and several selected articles from the print TOC.
  48. Special Collections High School Page - Native Americans
    Tradition and Daily Life, Biographies and Ft. Armstrong. A click on "Biographies" revealed a page with about ten interviews with Native Americans. An excellent example of the use of oral history techniques to document the history of Native Americans.
  49. UC Santa Cruz Regional Oral History Project
  50. Center for Studies in Oral Tradition
    Annotated Bibliography to view or download.
  51. Center for Oral History & Cultural Heritage
    University of Southern Mississippi.
  52. Center for Oral History
    See the "Projects" link for information on Witnesses to Nuremberg, Connecticut Workers and a Half Century of Technological Change, The Peoples of Connecticut (1930-1980), The Political Activities of Fully Enfranchised Connecticut Women, Holocaust Survivors in the Connecticut Region, Women's Words/Women's Quilts.
  53. Oral History Review
  54. IU Oral History Research Center

  1. Here are a few news groups about military history: ||news:sci.military.naval|| ||news:sci.military.moderated|| ||news:soc.history.war.misc|| ||news:soc.history.war.vietnam|| |||| ||news:soc.veterans||

  2. CumberLink |
    The Army's key historical archives and its largest museum.
  3. Guerre du Mexique (1846-1848)
    Resources on the war with Mexico.
  5. The Wheels of War - Cover Page: April '99 American History Feature
  6. Recently Added NAIL Data
    Which include: Photographs of the Vietnam Conflict, Selected Case Files, Civil Records, 1938-1967, Maps Relating to the Civil War and Selected Documents Relating to the European Theater of Operations during World War II.
  7. Plane Writing: quotes from early pilots' biographies
    Don't miss the collection of links on the history of flying.
  8. Wisconsin Department of Veterans AffairsWisconsin Veterans Museum.
  9. Army Quartermaster Museum
  10. Fort Benning MWR | The National Infantry Museum
  12. Navy Oral History Collection
  13. Naval Air War In The Pacific
    Photos and Paintings of the United States Navy and Marine Air Units in Action.
  14. Hooray for the Home Front!!
    Teenagers, Society and Business on the home front.
  15. MarineLINK
    Covering the Birth of the Corps, War of 1812 - Mexico, Civil War, Spain - Haiti, World War I, World War II, Korean - Cuban Crisis.
  16. Close Up Foundation: U.S. Immigration Policy
    Links to: An Overview of U.S. Immigration Policy, a Summary of Current U.S. Immigration Law, Statistics on Immigration to the United States, Timeline of U.S. Immigration. The site also presents a comprehensive lesson plan.
  17. Fog of War - Introduction
    Gulf War fallout.
  18. Fog of War
    Story of the "...42-day juggernaut that was the Persian Gulf War."
  19. DefenseLINK News: Military Women Take 200-Year Trek Toward Respect, Parity
    Collective Memories of the Cuban Missile Crisis
  21. Women in Military Service
  22. Global Interaction in the Twentieth Century - History
    Learn Cold War terminology through the use of a fictional conflict between Black Ants and Red Ants.
  23. Welcome to the Center of Military History
    TOC: Commanding Generals and Chiefs of Staff, 1775-1995, Portraits & Biographical Sketches of the U.S. Army's Senior Officers, Night Combat, Pointe du Hoe - 2d Ranger Battalion (6 June, 1944), Quartermaster Field Service Platoon in Action (Graves Registration Functions in the Korean War), WWII CAMPAIGNS: Sicily, "Operation VITTLES"- Tempelhof : A Transportation Corps Milestone, The Berlin Airlift, Typhoon Emma (Sept 1956), African-American Volunteers as Infantry Replacements, Rangers in Colonial and Revolutionary America, Selections From the Vietnam Interview Tape (VNIT) Collection.
    Although all of the special links and reports are worthy of investigation, the report on African American Volunteers as Infantry Replacements in World War II is very interesting and should prove useful for history classes with later units on the integration order by Truman and the Civil Rights Movement.
    Extended text information on American military history (less the photographs) with maps included.
  25. The War with Spain
    spanisha.jpg clip from the painting "We Leave The Trenches" 1898, by Charles Johnson Post.
  26. World in Conflict TV Theme - Discovery Channel School
    korea.jpg Look for program descriptions and suggestions for viewing at the support site. "The web page contains lesson plans for five different shows dealing with that theme. The theme includes shows about the Normandy Invasion, The Cold war, the Rosenbergs, and Yugoslavia. It also has a link to a discussion board where teachers and students, as well as invited "guest experts" will exchange views on how best to cover these topics on the classroom."
  27. The Battle of New Orleans - Full Text: March '98 Historic Traveler Feature
    Presents examples of articles available from the magazine. If you are interested in the entire scope of magazines available, at the bottem of the page, features a navigation tool for selecting from the following topics/magazines: American History, America's Civil War, Aviation History, British Heritage, Civil War Times, Columbiad, Early American Homes, Military History, Vietnam, Wild West, World War II.
  28. Going Places - The Bloodiest Field
  29. Air Force History Support Office
  30. Air Force Historical Research Agency
    Over 70,000,000 pages devoted to the history of the service, and represents the world's largest and most valuable organized collection of documents on US military aviation. TOC:|| Welcome || FAQ || Access || Our Holdings || Bibliographies On-line || || Contacting Us || Policies || Collections || Images in History || || Air Force Heraldry || History Link || History Forum.
  31. The U.S.Army Noncommissioned Officer Museum
    This site (announced by Yahoo -- New) registered "24" when I visited in late February 98. It offers access to "The Chevron" (Winter, 1998 v2,I1 - Now Online. and a virtual tour of the Ft Bliss (Texas) Museum. The "Tour" page needs the graphics reduced to thumbnails for faster loading. Since this is a new site, look for revisions, improvements and additions down the line. Teachers would appreciate some suggested lessons and perhaps some links to oral history resources and perhaps some links offsite to sources for American and global military sites, especially those that focus on military history and traditions.
  32. Center for Army Lessons Learned
    Created " collect and analyze data from a variety of current and historical sources, including Army operations and training events, and produce information serving as lessons for military commanders, staff, and students."
  33. Navy wars and conflicts
    United States wars from the start of the Republic to the present.
  34. U. S. Colored Troops
    235,000 names, the current data includes 180 histories of USCT units/regiments and links to the most significant battles they fought in.
    Primary Sources and Activities for the Classroom
    See Launching the new US Navy.
    Historic documents, a lesson plan, and links to related sites commemorate the reestablishment of the Navy.
    Constitution Day. Lessons, activities, and information commemorate the signing and ratification of the Constitution.
    The Zimmermann Telegram, 1917. This coded message played a key role in America's declaration of war against Germany and its allies during World War I. (From Teaching With Documents, a NARA publication)
    Constitutional Issues: Separation of Powers. Franklin D. Roosevelt's 1937 attempt to increase the number of Justices on the Supreme Court is examined in this lesson. (From Teaching With Documents, a NARA publication)
    Powers of Persuasion--Poster Art of World War II. Analyze these powerful posters that were part of the battle for the hearts and minds of the American people.
    Jackie Robinson: Beyond the Playing Field. Documents and related lessons trace Robinson's career as a civil rights leader.
    Constitutional Issues: Watergate and the Constitution. A 1974 memorandum from the Watergate Special Prosecution Force weighs the pros and cons of seeking an indictment against former President Richard Nixon. "History in the Raw."An article providing a rationale for teaching with primary source documents.

  35. Welcome to the Center of Military History
    Operations of Encircled Forces (German Experiences in Russia), Renegade Woods (a sample of historical documentation created during the Vietnam War by combat historians), U.S. Army Special Operations in World War II (Commando and guerrilla operations to harass the Axis armies, gather intelligence, and support the more conventional Allied military efforts). By theater of operation (Mediterranean, Pacific, Europe etc). The entire historical document is not presented, but the selections seem representative. Photos are not included in the page that loads (a real time-saver), but can be viewed with a simple click of the mouse. I selected a map to sample -- Map 6: Northern Philippines, 1941 - 1945 -- and the site produced an excellent map, although without troop locations or major battles noted, but this might be something your students can do. Note, these are large maps (over 100k) in black and white...some will take time to load.Also note that, in general, fair use copyright will not allow use on a school or Internet web page but photos and maps can be used in a one-time multimedia student or teacher presentation. Interesting collection of Army History FAQs to browse.
  36. Air Force Historical Research Agency
    TOC: || Welcome || FAQ || Access || Our Holdings || Bibliographies On-line || Contacting Us || Policies || Collections || Images in History || Air Force Heraldry || History Link || History Forum || Feedback.
  37. USAF Museum Pre-WWII History Gallery
    1930 - Dec. 6, 1941.
  38. USAF Museum Post-WWII History Gallery
    History by Era... (Pre-WWI history Gallery - late 1800's thru 1914, World War I History Gallery - 1914 to 1918, Post-WW I History Gallery - 1918 - 1920s, Pre-WW II History Gallery - 1930 - Dec. 6, 1941, World War II History Gallery - 1941 - 1945, Post-WW II History Gallery - 1946 - 1950s, Korean Conflict History Gallery - June 1950 to July 1953, Vietnam Era History Gallery - 60's and 70's, Coming soon...Modern Era History - 1980's thru the Present).
  40. 1791 - UNITED EMPIRE LOYALISTS You should also visit the Pacific Air Force site and view some of the photos.
    This last site also has a set of links to other Web sites that deal
    with the Pacific and the Air Force.
  41. Online Readings
    The American Presidency and a World War II special feature. Loads of Biographies & Articles, three World War II air war mini-documentaries, photos from the National Archives, a World War II History Test and a listing of web sites have World War II as a focus.
  42. Medal of Honor Citations
    An excellent history site with extensive links to the nation's memorials to soldiers.
  44. Redstone Arsenal Historical Information
  45. E-HAWK Main Page
    Although this is a revisit to the site, there is always something new as the site offers weekly and monthly special features. "All information on this system is considered public information and may be distributed or copied..." but " must indicate the USAF Museum as the source of any information or photographs used." If you are on a "military" unit, you might visit the U.S. Navy History site. I also visited the Center of Military History (THE 1st DIVISION AT ANSAUVILLE -- January - April 1918) and American Women in Uniform, Veterans Too! See the REVIEW above.
  47. United States Naval Institute - Homepage and Naval History Magazine. Also, see the link to U.S. Naval Institute History/Reference/Preservation.
  48. Arizona Memorial Museum Association
  49. U.S. Navy Memorial Foundation: Home Page
  50. U.S. Navy History
    A fine collection of links to the Navy Museum (naval history, 1775-present), the Navy Department Library (Collections relating to naval and maritime history), Operational Archives (U.S. Navy records on operations, policy and strategy, ca. 1939-present), Curator Branch and Photographic Section (Naval artifacts, including uniforms, armament, photographs, and artworks), Navy Art Collection (Displays and traveling exhibitions on naval combat artists), Ships History Branch (Histories of individual navy ships, 1775-present), Naval Aviation History (Documents and collections relating to naval aviation, 1911-present), Naval Aviation News magazine, Early History (Research and writing on U.S. naval history, 1775-1918), Contemporary History (Research and writing on U.S. naval history, 1945-present) and Underwater Archaeology Branch.
  51. Military Archaeology in Australasia and the Pacific
  52. Aviation Heritage Management (The Virtual Past) (Spennemann)
    Aviation archaeology in Australia and the Pacific Islands -- Full Reports, Brief Overviews and Conferences. See the report on a Consolidated D24J "Liberator" off Laura, Majuro Atoll, with a description of what remains of the plane, members of the crew, how is was shot down and what happened to the survivors. I found the detailed description of Japanese treatment of POW in this area to be very interesting. Loads of primary resources for fresh interpretations.
  53. Maps of Vietnam
    Scanned from "official" tactical maps.
  54. Carrier Qualifications
    A step-by-step walk-through of a daytime carrier launch and landing in an F-14 on the USS Abraham Lincoln (CVN-72) -- currently engaged in local carqual (carrier qualification) operations off the California coast. "You'll be making a day trap in an F-14A Tomcat belonging to VF-213, the Black Lions. No sweat, the weather's CAVU (clear air, visibility unlimited), and besides, the boat's easily within range of a divert airfield if you really botch it." Interesting raw materials for a multimedia project to add sound, movies and graphics to the description. Have the students research the launch platform, the aircraft, pilot training or other aspects. The collection of militrary web sites provides excellent resources for students interested in military activities and affairs.
  55. Cultural Maps
    One of the better collection of maps online with links to other map sites.
  56. History of Marine Corps Recruit Depot
    Historical pages on the Dutch Flats and the Gilded Shovel 1911-1919, Construction and Occupation 1919-1926, Mail Guard, China, and Fleet Marine Force 1926-1940, Decades of Turmoil 1940-1970, Peacetime Consolidation 1970-1974. A jump up to the Main Page, the MCRD Command Museum Homepage, revealed links to: A history of the Marine Corps Recruit Depot 1911-1974, Picture essay on the marines in the Boxer Rebellion 1900 and Picture essay on the Fourth Marines in China, 1927-1941. The Fourth Marines was assigned to Shanghai, China and observed some of the events leading to World War Two. See the special sites for the Boxer Rebellion, Part 1,Part 2, Part 3 and Part 4.
  57. Swift Boat Homepage
    Vietnam era boats with great links to maps and other resources.
  58. USS Liberty (framed version)
  59. The U.S. Camel Corps
  60. Wisconsin Marine Historical Society Homepage
    Site provides a focus on commerce and industry of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence Seaway.
  61. Coombs/ Douglass/Washington/
  62. Wisconsin Veterans Museum
  63. CMH Homepage
    Center of Military History.
  64. United States Field Artillery Center and Fort Sill
    See the History of Old Fort Sill and the Story of Molly Pitcher.
  65. United States Military Medals, Military Medals, Awards, Decorations
    Might be an important site to visit, given the recent media flap over what metals can be displayed and their importance as symbols of achievement and military history.
  66. The Cruiser Houston
    Launched in 1929 and sunk in the Battle of Sunda Strait near Java. "The site includes photographs of the ship and crew, some of the memorabilia aboard the ship, and a monument which was recently built to commemorate the hundreds of men lost at sea."

  1. -- New York
  2. Research History: North & South America
    A bit of a slow load (as are many of my pages) but worth the wait... A real gateway for this topic.
  3. USA Writers and Artist: 1840-1960
    TOC: Artists & Illustrators, Journalists & Magazines, Slavery, Woman's Suffrage, Novelists & Poets, Political Figures, First World War, Political Events & Issues, Business Leaders, Trade Unions, Famous Criminal Cases, Roosevelt and the New Deal.
  4. The Cambridge History of English and American Literature: An Encyclopedia in Eighteen Volumes. 1907-21
  5. NDL Resources for National History Day
    offers a gateway to many history resources and primary materials. Important National History Day support materials on "Frontiers in History: People, Places, Ideas" can be found here. These include:
  6. Library of Congress Exhibitions
    This gateway site is a must for your bookmarks.
  7. Learning Adventures in Citizenship
    explore the intriguing history of New York, do activities to learn more about the history of their own towns -- and participate in their communities. Kids can also submit their work to the Kids' Contest and view featured projects in the Kids' Lab. There are special sections for teachers and parents to learn how to get the most out of this rich resource.
  8. Chicago Historical Society
    "More than 15 thousand researchers visit Chicago Historical Society's Research Center each year. The "paper trails" they follow reveal powerful, poetic, and sensational stories. The exhibition On the Paper Trail displays a selection of nine compelling pieces of the past from the CHS's research collections. The exhibition kicks off the newly opened Research Center and opens Saturday, May 2 in the Researchers' Gallery." If you have the time, explore the Cool Web Stuff page.
  9. American Cultural History - The Twentieth Century Covering the period from 1900 to 1979, divided into sections according to decade.
  10. Primary Source Documents
    A collection of historical works which contributed to the formation of American politics, culture, and ideals in early American history.
  11. National Gallery of Art - Past Exhibitions
    With a list of exhibitions that goes back to 1941!
  12. Humanities-Interactive
    see especially the Current Exhibitions
    Ancient Cultures of Our World, Border Studies (Nine graphical exhibitions and three streaming multimedia slideshows presenting the history and culture of the lands and nations bordering Texas and the United States from the 15th Century to the present day), Texas History, Texas Culture and Literature and Our Imaginative Heritage. A recent addition: Invasión Yanqui: The Mexican War
    Sixteen (plans for 50) online exhibits produced by the Texas Humanities Resource Center in Austin, Texas. The exhibits center on common themes and include annotated images, learning resources, essays, educational worksheets, associated games, and multimedia presentations. Others in the series are: ALAMO IMAGES: Changing Perceptions of a Texas Experience, Annexation: Celebrating 150 Years of Texas Statehood, Crossroads of Empire: Early Maps of Texas and the Southwest, THE WAY THINGS WERE: A Photographic Essay on Rural Texans and Their Buildings, 1850-1940, The Dust Bowl, Toxic Tour of Texas, Toward A Better Living For Rural Texas Blacks, 1930-1960, Rural Texas Women at Work, 1930-1960, Border Studies: Texas - Mexico Border Curriculum: Six Activity Sets.
  13. Gretchen Pikus, Educator
    With a strong emphasis on WebQuests and active learning. Note the debate format.
  14. America Singing: Nineteenth-Century Song Sheets
  15. TP: Images of American Political History
    Images to support the teaching of American political history with uncopyrighted images, most obtained from non-copyrighted U.S. government holdings and publications and from published works with clearly expired copyrights.
  16. Library of Virginia Digital Library Information Page
    For an index of all the collections at the Digital Library.
  17. Historical United States Census Data Browser
    Describe the people and the economy of the US for each state and county from 1790 to 1970.
  18. What's New: American Memory from the Library of Congress
  19. Recorded Sound Reference Center (Library of Congress)
  20. History, Facts and Statistics
  21. History Matters
    A project of the American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning of the City University of New York and the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.
  22. National History Day 1999 - Final Results
  23. Atlas Index
  24. Federal Resources for Educational Excellence - Social Studies Categories
  25. Outline of American History - Contents
  26. Nauvoo - Neighbors - People - Multicultural Diversity at BYU
    Link page for past exhibits (mostly by students) at the Museum of Peoples and Cultures - BYU.
  27. History Matters--Syllabus Central
  28. MAGIC: Scanned Historical Maps
  29. Library of Congress Bicentennial - Exhibitions
    This page describes four of the exhibitions scheduled for the Bicentennial of the Library in April, 2000. The first, and the only one so far with an online exhibition preview, The Work of Charles and Ray Eames: A Legacy of Invention, is currently on display. A good description of the exhibit was written by CRAIG D'OOGE. Other exhibitions in the future inlcude: John Bull and Uncle Sam: Four Centuries of British-American Relations, Thomas Jefferson: Genius of Liberty, The Wizard of Oz: An American Fairy Tale. The Library also plans to present a three year sequence of concerts to celebrate the bicentennial called I Hear America Singing. Resources to be featured include: Popular Song, Sacred Music, Band and Choral Music, Chamber Music, The Americanization of European Music, America's Voice: Rhythm and Blues, Country, Rock & Roll to Rap and Folk Music. When all the resources are online, this could be a central focus for your classroom millennium and bicentennial projects.
  30. The Mystery of Monument Hill
    "The Mystery of Monument Hill is an annotated novel that spans two centuries. It is a story for and about modern-day children growing up in Vermont, and a historical novel about Vermont's origins at the time of the American Revolution." The novel was designed for middle/junior high students and the site includes eighteeen chapters and a Synopsis online. Other Historical Fiction for Grades 5-8 is included as a part of the page.
  31. U.S. and World Online Resources and Curriculum Projects
  32. The Constitution Community main page
    Lessons and activities (arranged according to historical era) on constitutional issues that encourage the use of primary source documents.
  33. American Presidents: Life Portraits
  34. Recently Added NAIL Data
  35. Memorandum
  36. Library of Congress Bicentennial Home Page
  37. History Pubs
  38. American Truths
  39. The American Century
    An exhibition of "...more than 1,200 works--painting, sculpture, photography, architecture and design--together with related materials in music, dance, literature, and film, that explores the emergence and evolution of American identity as seen through the eyes of our nation's artists. Consisting of both a physical exhibition and also a state-of-the-art web site and online educational resource, The American Century will examine the impact of immigration, urbanization, technology, and the growth of mass media, among other factors, on American art, cultural expression, and creativity. Filling the entire Whitney Museum for nine months and having a planned 3-year Internet presence, The American Century exhibition will be presented in two parts: 1900 to 1950 and 1950 to 2000. This ambitious project represents an innovative cultural and technological initiative..."
  40. The Games We Used to Play
    Here is a site that presents oral history with a focus....Send students to find out what games their parents played (at least urban east).
  41. The American Experience | Wayback - Stand Up For Your Rights
    Religious freedom, Women and the Vote and School Desegregation.
  42. National Museum of American Art
  43. Cultural Maps
    Outstanding digital map collection for American history.
  44. GeoHistory Americas
  45. U.S. History Map Resources on the Net
  46. National Archives Online Exhibit Hall
    If you haven't visited this site recently, this may be a new URL.
    CIVILIZATION, The Magazine of the Library of Congress.
  48. American Memory -- Front Door
    New splash/front door to this huge site. Or go directly to the "Home PageHome Page.
    The site now has 44 Collections with over 1 Million Items.
  49. Oliphant's Anthem (Library of Congress Exhibition)
    Highlights of the recent acquisition of 60 cartoon drawings by Pulitzer Prize-winning editorial cartoonist Pat Oliphant. Categories inlcude: Political cartoons, Early Works in America, War and Diplomacy, Presidential Campaigns, Richard Nixon, Sketchbooks and Domestic Issues.
  50. National Museum of American Art
    Voted the best Museum Research site.
  51. History Happens - Cool Stories!
  52. Flights of Inspiration
    Four major sections: First Flight, Long Flight, Your Own Flight, and Teachers' Zone. Created by The Franklin Institute Science Museum and the Science Museum, London
  53. History Matters
    For high school and college teachers of U.S. History survey courses, with links to Web resources, "...teaching materials, first-person primary documents and threaded discussions on teaching U.S. history."
  54. HistoryLink -- Galleries
    Magic lantern is a growing collection of photographic essays illustrating major events in Seattle and King County history.
  55. The American Local History Network - Index
    Especially the music page below.
  56. The American Local History Network - Music
  57. Map Collections Home Page
    Okla.gifAmerican Memory resource convering: Cities and Towns, Immigration and Settlement, Conservation and Environment, Military Battles and Campaigns, Discovery and Exploration, Transportation and Communication and General Maps.
    The EPA had a fine site for teachers - The Environmental Education Center
    Well worth a visit. I probed the section on "Water" and was very pleased with the units and materials provided. Student art work on the topics can be sent to the site for postingl
  59. Flights of Inspiration
    Created by created by The Franklin Institute. Pioneers in Flight. Design your own aircraft with the the "Forces of Flight" and the "Challenge of Flight."
  60. Brief Timeline of American Literature and Events, 1620-1920
  61. American Social History Project - Welcome!
  62. United States History
  63. USQuizMainPAge
  64. The United States
  65. The American Experience Home Pagewaybk.jpg
    Click on Wayback: US History for Kids. Great splash page with loads of animation in this premiere issue of a US history webzine targeted to kids age 9 to 13. When I visited the theme was turn-of-the-century technology (each issue will look at a different theme).
  66. Congressional Biographical Directory
  67. Background Papers and Technical Information
    Summary of the vast digital activities of the Library of Congress.
  68. The Concord Review: College Board Issue
    Again, samples of some of the very best in Secondary writing. See "Hamilton and Burr" by Jerome Reiter, "Union Blockade by Jochem H. Tans, "French Revolution" by Jenifer D. Clark, "Negro Leagues" by Matthew Eisenberg, "Female Suffrage by Nicole Herz, "Great Awakening" by Sarah Valkenburgh, "Woodrow Wilson" by Uthara Srinivasan, "Boston Manufacturing" by Kenton Beerman, "Ferris Wheel" by Britta C. Waller, "Lincoln and Davis" by Greg Ruttan, "Frederick Jackson Turner" by Joshua Derman.
  69. U.S. History Outlines & Charts
    Greg Feldmeth's Advanced Placement U.S. History course
    offered to juniors and seniors at Polytechnic School in Pasadena, California.
  70. US INDEX
  71. National Archives: The Digital Classroom
    Includes descriptions of nearly 100 collections of records that are available for student research and that relate to the 1999 National History Day Theme: Science, Technology, and Invention in History. A "first stop" listing of resources for the topics above.
  72. The American Experience | America 1900
    The page is offering "America 1900 Family Tree -- software to construct a family tree back to 1900 and on-site resources to help students research their genealogy. A timeline is provided to help students identify some of the issues faced by their ancestors. Other features: Real Audio Interviews, a People and Events Database, the Timeline (organized chronologically and regionally), and Enhanced Transcript, a monthly online magazine aimed at middle school students and a Teacher's Guide on how to use the site in the classrooms. More information on how to engage in research in family history is located on the Genealogy Page.
  73. America Dreams: Enter
    Students prticipants will be asked to view the dream from the perspective of: Photographer, Lawyer, Poet, Politician, Producer, Comedian, Musician and Newspaper Reporter. Three student views of the Dream are currently on-line (the project is focused on the 10-18 learner):Exploring the American Dream, Voices from the Dustbowl and The Golden Days<. Students are encouraged to use the Libray of Congress - American Memory resources for their units.
  74. The Primary Sources Network
    Gallery of Artifacts. A resource with "...examples of virtually every different type of primary source, from three-dimensional objects such as telephones and glass-making machines to photographs, oral history interviews, films, advertisements, trade catalogs and other archival resources." TOC: Recreational Travel and the Automobile, Images of the Home Front: The World War II Experience in America, Sears, Roebuck and Company Mail-Order Catalogs, 1914-1917, Making Glass: From Craft to Mass Production, Model T Car Production, Telephone Design: 100 Years of Change, Automobile Advertisements. The PSN Curricula-- Distance Learning Units is a good example of the value of the above resource. Although the units described on the page are not currently available, they are described in enough detail to provide ideas for students and teachers to research on their own. No actutal lessons, just ideas and direction.
  75. History Matters
    For high school and college teachers of U.S. History survey courses offering teaching materials, primary documents and discussions on teaching U.S. history.
  76. The American Century
    Book site that presents an interesting timeline in the form of an image map.
  77. The American Experience | America 1900
    Scheduled launch date: Wednesday, November 18th.
  78. Historical United States Census Data Browser
  79. LC-HABS/HAER CollectionsBuilt in America:Historic American Building Survey/Historic American
    Achievements in architecture, engineering, and design in the United States and its territories. "As of March 1998, America's built environment has been recorded through surveys containing more than 363,000 measured drawings, large-format photographs, and written histories for more than 35,000 historic structures and sites dating from the seventeenth to the twentieth century. This first release adds digital images to the searchable on-line catalog records, including images of the pages of written histories for all HAER surveys and about 25% of HABS surveys, 17% of the HAER survey photographs and a small sampling of the HABS and HAER measured drawings. Additional digital images will be added monthly."
  80. BC Archives Time Machine
    " Features 11 educational galleries covering British Columbia History topics drawn from the K-12 social social studies curriculum."
  81. Historical United States Census Data Browser
  82. The Official Yesterday USA Home Page
  83. TeachPDLaw's American History To 1870
  84. The Cradle of Collective Bargaining: History of Labour and Technology in Hamilton and District
    Essays, Teaching Aids, Slide Show, Archives. Add this to a growing collection of special sites that focus on labor and the history of contributions made to communities and nations.
  85. Library of Congress Bicentennial, 1800-2000
    A page to visit for updates on the Bicentennial.
  86. The American Experience:Guts and Glory
    See the impressive listing of programs in the Archives as well...The American Experience/Library/Previous Program's Websites
  87. Welcome to The Modern Humanities Website
    I clicked on the "Major Points in Modern History " link with the expecatation that a broad range of topics would be presented. Instead, the page linked deals only with American History, and then a very narrow segement (the Kennedy Assassination with no linked infornation (?), civil rights and Vietnam). This is a page constructed by students, and (with some expansion of resources and perhaps a new title) merits monitoring as it evolves.
  88. SchoolNet Digital Collections - Social Sciences
  89. Profile America
    Listern to (text also available) short audio files that recognize historic events.
  90. The History Channel - Great Speeches
    The History Channel maintains an archive of featured speeches at this site... They are fairly short and load quickly. Teachers of the "modern era" are likely to find a speech or two that relates to their lessons at the site....there is an very long list...and you can link directly for classroom use... The President John F. Kennedy, "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country" is on the site as is Malcolm X and the "The definition of Black Power." A short text description of the speach is located on the page that links to the audio file..
  91. Multicultural Art Print Series
    thirty art prints and curriculum materials developed by the ArtsEdNet Institute
  92. Kargin's Social Studies Internet Guide
  93. GIC - Election Maps
    Presidential Elections: 1860-1996 with both the electoral and popular votes for most of the elections.
  94. The United States
  95. American Heritage - July/August 1998: The Most Scandalous President
  96. Tacoma Public Library's Northwest Room
    Election campaign literature, ancient governmental reports, oral histories, pioneer documents.
  97. TSLAC Map Archive - Menu
    A selection from the "...nearly 7,000 maps in the TSLAC Map Archive."
    Learning Page of the Library of Congress: Lesson Ideas

    American Memory Fellows' lessons, which "...illustrate how teachers and students can use a wide variety of resources in their study of U.S. history, government, and language arts. The lessons are based on primary sources from American Memory collections, but include other World Wide Web and print resources as well. American Memory Fellows participated in a year-long program, which included a week-long institute in Washington, DC. Fellows researched American Memory collections, studied techniques for using primary sources, and created lessons which they field-tested with students during the following school year."
    Enjoy visiting their sites:
    1. America Dreams
      Featured contents: Teaching Page, Student Page, Resources, Content areas and grades, Curriculum standards, Resources needed, Implementation, overview, Evaluation & assessment, Student roles & descriptions, Student Gallery and search features.
    2. The Conservation Movement at a Crossroads: the Hetch Hetchy Controversy,
    3. The Great Depression and the 1990s
    4. The Great Depression: North Carolina's Reconstruction?
    5. History Firsthand
    6. Learning About Immigration Through Oral History
    7. Reservation Controversies
    8. To Market To Market
    9. What Do You See? - Using Selected Civil War Photographs, 1860-1865.
    10. Check Out the.Christian Science Monitor"s review of the Library of Congress site.

  98. New in the ALA Archives - CLVF Exhibit
  99. National Archives: The Digital Classroom
  100. Historical United States Census Data Browser
    Select up to 15 variables from the lists and click on the Browse button at the bottom of the page. The server will then generate the data requested. Fast service when I visited in the early A.M.
  101. National Museum of American History: Virtual Exhibitions
  102. American Visions - Homeavis.jpg
    Historical and current "visions." Excellent graphics. If you are interested in integrating art into your study of American History and contemporary culture (or the opposite), this page will be on or near the top. Broad categories are: WILDERNESS (Landscape becomes the national religious symbol, a sign of America's Manifest Destiny), CRAFT (genius for "making do," for plain, direct, unfussed craftsmanship in the American grain), VISIONARIES (Outside of formal religion, the transcendental urge taps into the mythic and the mystical), GRANDEUR (the nation loses its Puritan inhibitions about flaunting wealth), CITIES (The rise of the urban scene brings to the fore science, Realism and heroic new technologies), MEMORY (America acquires some history, and with it a sense of nostalgia and public commemoration), INNOVATION (artists enact the American rituals of discovery, progress and renewal), THE TV SERIES ( An episode-by-episode program guide to Robert Hughes' American Visions on PBS), ENDPAPER (At century's end, America's visual culture is winding down. But tomorrow is another day). See the Episode guide before you sign off.
  103. American History Sources for Students - US History for Middle School students and beyond
  104. Crossroads
    A K-16 American History Curriculum
  105. Celebrating Americas Freedoms
    Essays about the country's most familiar national symbols, customs and observances. Teachers may use the handouts as handouts and background for patriotic observances.
  106. National Museum of American History: Home
  107. National Archives: The Digital Classroom
    Showing a host of prrimary resource materials. In a recent visit (June, 98), the site featured the U.S. Recognition of the State of Israel as a part of the 50th anniversary of the establishment of Israel, with teaching activities related to a key press releases and other documents. The site also featured "The Unfinished Lincoln Memorial," with photographs of workers assembling the statue of Lincoln in 1920. Teaching activities on site relate to President Lincoln, symbolism, and memorials. You can also visit the site for the Don Henry documentswith an extended lesson from the March 1998 issue of Social Education's Teaching With Documents section. Don Henry, a student at the University of Kansas "...experienced a profound political change during his years on campus. Henry became a leader in radical campus organizations, volunteered to fight in the Spanish Civil War with the Lincoln Brigade, and died on a battlefield in Aragon in September 1937. . The teaching activities included with the article correlate to the National Standards for History. Era 8-The Causes of the Great Depression and how it affected American society (1929-1945)."
  108. America Dreams
    An interdisciplinary Internet project to showcase digitized primary source documents from the American Memory collection. The designers use the instructional model of a WebQuest, a type of internet-based inquiry lesson model first designed by Professor Bernie Dodge of San Diego State University.
  109. Digital Library Federation Home Page
    See the "Federation Member Web Sites and Digital Library Projects" for a listing of participating member's websites.
  110. History Channel - Traveler
  111. William M. Brinton's Online Books
  112. KTCA Productions: Bring Warm Clothes
  113. Puzzle introduction
    Library of Congress -- Shockwave required.
  114. Uncle Sam Image Gallery--Contents
  115. UCR / California Museum of Photography
  116. The New Mexico Cultural Treasures - Bienvenidos!
  117. Jen Smedley's Home Page
  118. Discovery Online -- Missouri Breaks, Day 4
  119. Documents Relating to American Foreign Policy Prior to 1898
  120. IPUMS
    Selected Census microdata for social and economic research. It "...consists of twenty-five high-precision samples of the American population drawn from thirteen federal censuses. Some of these samples have existed for years, and others were created specifically for this database. The twenty-five samples, which span the censuses of 1850 to 1990, collectively comprise our richest source of quantitative information on long-term changes in the American population." To obtain the data in the archive, click on "Get IPUMS data" and choose the type of download you want... A listing of previous downloads is provided, but the list does not describe the content or selection criteria for each. Best to choose your own criteria and download type. You also are given the option of downloading the entire raw option with limited value considering the volume of information.
  121. National Archives: The Digital Classroom
    Umbrella site for the lessons at the National Archives and Records Administration. See Migration of Alaska site as an example. A must page for your bookmarks.
  122. National History Day
    Offering 5 guides for student research on the current History Day topic of Migration, but the resource and worksheet could be used as templates for researching any topic at the NARA. See: Activity 1: Finding records in the National Archives of the United States by record group, Activity 2: Using the Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives of the United States, Activity 3: Using NAIL (NARA Archival Information Locator), Activity 4: Using the Guide to the Records of the United States Senate at the National Archives and Activity 5: Using the Guide to the Records of the United States House of Representatives at the National Archives.
  123. Recently Added NAIL Data
    Pribilof Island Logbooks and Photographs; the US Navy's, "Report of the Search for Amelia Earhart, July 2-18, 1937;" 200 images of Southwestern Archaeology from the Bureau of Ethnology of the Smithsonian; and over 3,000 images from the Central Photographic File of the War Relocation Authority (WRA), 1942-1945.
  124. The Digital Journalist: Contents
    Offering a History by Carl Mydans A Multimedia Retrospective; P.F. Bentley in Cuba: The Pope's historic visit. Text by Martha Brant; Requiem: By the Photographers Who Died in Vietnam and Indochina; Mary Fisher's Heroes: AIDS Caregivers; and Eyewitness to History: 25 Years of the Presidency Photos and RealAudioTM commentary by Dirck Halstead.
  125. History Matters
    Resources for a U.S. History survey course, offering teaching assignments, primary documents, web sites or electronic essays organized by select topics or time periods. A project of the American Social History Project/Center for Media and Learning of the City University of New York and the Center for History and New Media at George Mason University with funding from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation. The " serves as a gateway to Web resources and offers unique teaching materials, first-person primary documents and threaded discussions on teaching U.S. history. We emphasize documents that focus on the lives of ordinary Americans in U.S. history and actively involve students in analyzing and interpreting evidence." The site will not emerge from beta until July 1998, and most of the current materials focus on the period 1876 to 1946. They are very interested in obtaining Web-based teaching assignments, additions to the annotated Web guide, outstanding Web-based student work, and comments on the site's design, content and functionality.
  126. The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
    Document archive for a vast collection of primary resource materials.
  127. Digital Library: Browse the Collections
    Online Exhibits include: Selected Clips from the Louis Armstrong Jazz Oral History Project, Collection of American Historical Prints, A War in Perspective, 1898-1998: The Spanish-American Conflict, Moving Uptown: Nineteenth-century Views of Manhattan, Dry Drunk: The Culture of Tobacco in 17th- and 18th-Century Europe, The Romanovs: Their Empire, Their Books, Berenice Abbott: Changing New York, 1935-1938, The Construction of the Empire State Building (1930-31), Lewis Wickes Hine's "Work Portraits" and Schomburg Legacy: Documenting the Global Black Experience for the 21st Century. I browsed the "Images of Africa American" and was very impressed with the collection.
    I expected the normal long wait for graphic intensive material to load, but instead the page displayed an index of topics: Civil War | Cultural Expression | Education | Family | Genre Labor | Organizations and Institutions | Politics Portraits: Women | Portraits: Men | Portraits: Children | Portraits: Groups Reconstruction | Religion | Slavery | Social Life & Customs. When these topics were displayed, still no images. Instead, the page lists the images and provides a "thumbnail" text description and a "clickable" box with the size of the graphic file. Potential viewers can select only the images they wish to view. This makes for vary fast naviagtion through the site and a feeling of greater control on the part of the visitor. Might be something for all of those "slow" sites to consider. Don't display any graphics unless the viewer clicks on the appropriate icon. If you don't think it makes a difference, compare how long it takes for the Louis Armstrong Jazz Oral History page to load, which features all those traditional thumbnail graphics that must load before the page is displayed.
  128. CHIN - Virtual Exhibitions
    This is a major site with considerable information. The frame in the left margin provide the links for the major exhibits (each has considerable depth).
  129. Internet Virtual Exhibition Production Reference Guide
  130. The White House Millennium Council
    A multi-year initiative to mark the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the new millennium. The Program will celebrate the accomplishments of this American century, recognize and initiate projects, and engage every sector of society in conveying our rich heritage to future generations.
  131. US History Sources
  132. First Ladies' Bibliography
  133. NCSS Online: Media Watch
    Currently featuring the schedule for May /June/July for the PBS Series "The People's Century."
  134. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:People
    Yahoo's current listing of sites on people in US history.
  135. Historic Atlas Resource - North America
    Shockwave required for the many interactive maps.
  136. Preservation Frontline
  137. WorldView Software
  138. Caitlin's Point of View
    Caitlin tells us how she moved from "History has always been a boring subject to me..." to a genuine interest in the subject. Others in the series: Matthew's, Ben's and Kaycie's stories about World War II.
  139. The American Heritage Project
  140. American History Sites
  141. American Studies at Georgetown University
    I enjoy pages that (immediately) present a summary of the entire content in one screen. I selected "Projects" first and selected the Jesuit Plantation Project, which "...involves the conversion of the Maryland Province Archive to an electronic format. The archive contains over 200 years of personal, legal, and financial documents produced by the six Jesuit-owned plantations in Maryland. As an electronic archive project, the Jesuit Plantation Project is fully integrated with the American Studies Core Curriculum at Georgetown University." Primary documents and maps are presented on the controversy about slavery, the Catholic Church and the Order.
  142. History of education: childhood, play
    At least one is aimed at children. See below.
  143. Children of the Past - School
    A look at Chores, Pastimes, Recreation, Turn of the Century Fashions.
  144. The Chevron - Winter 98
  145. 1848/1898@1998 Transhistoric Threshold
    Have students monitor this site for information and links that flow from the Conference.
  146. Native Ground Music =-= Your Source for Music of America's Past!
  147. Crossroads
    A K-16 American History Curriculum. Background Material | Essays | Elementary Curriculum | Middle School Curriculum | High School Curriculum | Postsecondary Curriculum.
  148. Vital Links: A Multimedia History of the United States
    sample movie clips: Seminole Village 3D Fly-through, Victorian Neighborhood, World War I Battle, Women Suffragettes, Babe Ruth, John F. Kennedy Click, Martin Luther King, Jr., Space Shuttle.
  149. HELIOS: Hub
    Umbrella site for photography at the National Museum of American Art, now featuring American Photographs: The First Century.
  150. U.S. and World History
    Companion sites to the texts in US and World History published by West. Some portions require access permission. Web listings keyed to the text chapters and online curriculum materials.
  151. Center for Electronic Records
    Information and access for researchers.
  152. U.S. and World History
    Companion sites to the texts in US and World History published by West. Some portions require access permission. Web listings keyed to the text chapters and online curriculum materials.
  153. Teaching Early American Topics
    Major working section features a Syllabus Exchange. The link to "Teaching Resources" was not working when last visited.
  154. Smithsonian Genesis Title Page
  155. Smithsonian Infusion Index
  156. The Yellow Pages: Student Projects
  158. Cleveland Digital Library: CLEVELAND CARTOGRAPHY: All about the maps of greater Cleveland and the Western Reserve in northeast Ohio
  159. History 103 Syllabus
    Topics, assignments, rcommended Web Sites for American history through the Civil War and Reconstruction.
  160. LC American Memory Fellows Application
  161. Course Resrouces
  162. The Presidency

    Some Interesting PBS Program Sites

  163. Gold Rush Placeholder Page
    Mark this page to visit Jan 15. You can currently visit the press release for a description of the program [The Gold Rush] which will air on PBS Jan 20th.
  164. The Irish in America
  165. The American Experience | Influenza 1918
    With the new "chicken flu" and the start pf flu season, a look back at this epidemic might be very interesting.... Ask your students to research the truth of the idea "a flu epidemic that killed 675,000 people ­ more than died in all the wars of this century combined."
  166. The American Experience | A Midwife's Tale
    To air Jan 16th. The prgram will portray the "...political and social turmoil after the American Revolution through the diary entries of the extraordinary Martha Ballard, an interview with the producer of the television program and a teachers' guide.
    Press site for the PBS program to air February 25, 1998.
  168. frontline: The Two Nations of Black America
    To air February 10, 1998.
  169. The American Experience/The Presidents
    Enjoy the January and Feburay updates on the series from this site.

  170. Alice's Interesting Dead Folks
  171. American Cultures at UC-Berkeley
  172. The American Experience/Technology/Technology Timeline
  173. The Official Yesterday USA Home Page
  174. USHMM Education Programs
  175. America Dreams through the Decades:Student Page
  176. National History Day 1998
    The Complete 1998 Teacher's Guide for this year's competition, "Migration in History." Get the 1998 Student Contest Guide for competing in National History Day.
  177. National History Day
    Umbrella site for NARA activities and resources for National History Day -- 1998.

    Previews and Future Collections, 1997-1998

    The Library of Congress has published a page with details of future collections to be displayed in 1998 and 1999. This should be an excellent resource for planning future lessons and ordering support materials in your budgets. The page provides information on 28 exhibits scheduled to come online in between 1997 and 2000. Some are previewed on other pages such as the Edison Motion Picture and Sound Recordings and the Bell/Morse Preview. Be sure to stop and browse in the Newspaper and Current Periodical Rm, Library of Congress.

  178. Library of Congress Home Page
    Visit the Learning Page of the Library of Congress: Learn More About It!
    Presents an umbrella page for a host of web pages in American History.
  179. The Reagan Legacy: Star Wars - Program Overview
    Companion site for the program to be repeated on the Discovery Channel, Friday, December 5, 1997 and Friday, January 9, 1998.
  180. Hewitt's Labor History Page
    Did you know that in 1986, 1,700 female flight attendants won an 18-year lawsuit (which included $37 million in damages) against United Arilines, which had fired them for getting married.
  181. Antique Maps and Historical Books on the Geography of North America.
  182. TeacherServe - Divining America: Religion and the National Culture
    From the National Humanities Center. A page "...designed to help high school teachers of American history bring their students to a greater understanding of the role religion has played in the development of the United States. It is based on the fact that American history and religion intersect importantly at various points... Divining America will illuminate these intersections..."

    I sampled the menu for the 17th and 18th centurty and the Teaching Key Issues segments (Puritanism, Conversion, and Predestination and The First Great Awakening). Question sets are provided for each segment. Links are provided to other Web pages on the topic for each century on the main menu.

  183. Genealogy -- Ancestry Hometown
    What's this? Genealogical sites for information about American history?
  184. Expansion of the United States
    Be prepared for a show at this site. An animated gif cycles throught the entire history of the continental expansion (less Alaska).
  185. NAIL Homepage
    NARA ARCHIVAL INFORMATION LOCATOR. Worth a return visit for all the new Recently Added Data.
  186. ThinkQuest American History Sites
    Audio archives from University at Albany collections. Hear selections of: William Jennings Bryan (1896), Eugene V. Debs (1904), William Howard Taft (1906), William Howard Taft (1912), William Jennings Bryan (1912), Woodraw Wilson (1912), Theodore Roosevelt (1912), Tom Mooney (1939), Fiorella LaGuardia (1945).
  188. Basic Readings In U.S. Democracy
    Chronological and topical listing of documents from the Declaration of Independence to current documents.
  189. 1998 History Institute at the National Humanities Center
    An Institute for High School History Teachers, Grades 9-12 for the Summer of 1998.
  190. TeacherServe Introduction
    An Interactive Curriculum Enrichment Service for High School Teachers currently offering a guide, Divining America: Religion and the National Culture, to " American history teachers with the often treacherous challenge of teaching the role religion has played in the development of the United States."
  191. AMERICAN HISTORY 102: 1865 - Present (UW-Madison)
  192. History Happens
    Stories from American History on Music Video.
  193. Mutoscope & Biograph Co., Inc.
  194. The Carter Center
  195. The Concord Review -- College Board AP History Essays
  196. HABS/HAER Collections
    Glimpses of America.
  197. NYS Archives -- Consider the Source
    Explore the educational potential of historical records. The book from the New York State Archives and Records Administration is 146-page and "...includes reproductions of 22 historical records and related lesson plans and activities." You can view or download the text in PDF format. Lesson plans on the 1825 Erie Canal and a 1903 Survey of Industrial Discharges and Sewage for grades 5-12 Science, Health, and Social Studies. Some of the documents online are in Spanish. TOC: Introduction, Acknowledgements and Table of Contents
    What are Historical Records and How do Teachers Use Them?
    How do Teachers Find Historical Records for Classroom Use?
    How do Teachers Bring Historical Records in the Classroom?
    Historical Records and Learning Activities (lesson plans, etc).
  198. Principio -- History Projects
    Essays by High School students with links both to sources and to Web sites.
  199. Essays in History -- University of Virginia
  200. American Heritage

    Web site for Divided Highways
    Teacher support site for the program. Includes a Teacher's Guide


  201. K.I.D.S. Report September 17, 1997: Famous Americans
    This issue launches the second year of the KIDS Report from the kids and teachers Madison, Wisconsin and Boulder and Nederland, Colorado. The biweekly provides annotated reviews and links to key sites on the topic of Famous Americans.

    FDR online

    A promo site for a CD on FDR. The site also links to other FDR resources and other "image rich" sites by Corbis, including Picture America and Building a Nation "The presidential Gallery" A look at the presidents in American history. The American Landscape: A photographic survey of the architectural sites that helped build the character and institutions of United States. The Pursuit of Happiness: Photojournalists and Corbis photography editors explore Thomas Jefferson’s mysterious phrase "the pursuit of happiness" through images.

    The National Museum of American History

    This new Smithsonian Institution homepage for the National Museum of American History has five main sections: Virtual Exhibitions, currently hosting exhibits on American Wine; the history of Tool Chests; World War II Home Front Posters; and a Centennial Salute to Cinema. Not Just for Kids features hands-on activities from the museum. You can also visit the Music Room for information on American music resources (annotation below).

  202. Not Just for Kids
    Try the "You Be the Historian" activity (more activities are added frequently). In the "By the Letter" section you can select a letter to the alphabet to see a sample from the museum. "S" might generate a graphic of a school room (with some text explanation and description), while "M" might generate a page on Mortars and pestles.
  203. The Music Room
    Offers a descripiton of music: Jazz, Classical, Popular and Traditional -- with samples in the Classical and Traditional area. Before exit, browse the clickable "Timeline" and see what makes it tick.
  204. i&d's 7 Day Gallery: "I Am the Greatest!"
    I located this interesting feature in the Smithsonian's Increase and Diffusion archive.
  205. Lemelson Center
    Oral and Video History Documentation Projects.
  206. American History page
    Current electronic exhibit. Magic Lanterns Magic Mirrors -A Centennial Salute to Cinema.
  207. The Smithsonian Magazine
    A click on "History" revealed a whole series of articles -- the treatment of German POW's in World War II ( 'America beats by far anything,' said the POW, June 1995 ), the love affair beween Miss Liberty and Uncle Sam (Uncle Sam: 'brave as Caesar, meek as Moses' July 1995 ), and a review of a book about the things left at the Vietnam Memorial ( Gifts of remembrance at The Wall, May 1995). There are many other topics in this menu item and many menu items to select from. All of the selections have excellent thumbnail graphics to accompany the text of the articles. Clearly worth many visits by teachers and students. Materials appear to be updated frequently.

  208. American History Educational Resources on the WWW
  209. Wm. Murray's Time Page
    U.S. history as "cycles" (Colonial, Revolutionary, Civil War, World War and The Present Cycle).
  210. AMERICAN HISTORY 102: 1865 - Present: Lecture Notes
    Although I did not browse the entire site, the "Hitchhikers guide to American History" provided an excellent collection of offsite links. Extensive lecture notes (in either text or graphic format) are also very well done.
  211. Divided Highways
    A 90 minute PBS program to be presented October 22nd on how the "Super" highways have impacted American life. Although graphically appealing, the site is a "slow load." A very large text file (available after a long stop to wait for the graphic page introduction) presents information on the book. Prior to airing the program, a Teacher's Guide will be available.
  212. Voyage of the Middle Passage Homepage
    An electronic field trip lasting 5 months "weaving science, social science, math and language arts into weekly lessons.." and a "...chance to find out about a non-sidewalk world, a world of ships and sailing and the ever-present sea." Six groups of four teachers each will supply the materials for each weekly lesson.
  213. Time Life Photo Essays
    Current Archive includes The Oscars, Influential African Americans, Hiroshima and The Pioneers -- women whose accomplishments helped lead to women's rights today.


  214. Library of Congress Home Page
  215. Civilization, the Magazine of the Library of Congress
  216. Evolution of the Conservation Movement
    Another Library of Congress "American Memory" site. Presents a "Chronology of Selected Events in the Development of the American Conservation Movement, c.1850-1920."
  217. Words & Deeds in American History
    Selected documents from Manuscript Division, Library of Congress. General categories: The Presidency, Congress, Law, and Politics, Military Affairs, Diplomacy and Foreign Policy, Arts and Literature, Science, Medicine, Exploration, and Invention, African-American History and Culture, Women's History.
  218. Learning Page of the Library of Congress
    Stop at the "Become a Historical Detective" page and the Puzzle page, which uses photos from American history (Shockwave required) with a new Jigsaw Puzzle every week. Teachers need to try the "applet" to test its difficulty and provide instructions (especially locating the help button for younger user). If you try it...consider a follow-up acitivity involving the analysis of the content. Java applets such as this are likely to be marketed (or made available as shareware) and used on LAN's or local Intranets.
  219. Panoramic Maps Collection
  220. Today in History: April 4
    American history illustrated by graphics from the Library of Congress American Memory historic collections.
  221. Presidential Preview at the Library of Congress
    Papers of George Washington Papers and Theodore Roosevelt. Also, seePresidential Photographs at the Library of Congress.
  222. Back to School Special
    Great new section on the Library of Congress site.... Try the "Activity Page" an exercise on how to Become a Historical Detective with Web resources. New also is "Country Studies: Area Handbook Program" and an area called "Learn More About It!" with "... pages full of helpful hints for using on-line documents, photographs, motion pictures, and sound recordings available from the American Memory historical collections on the Library's website... Teachers will find ideas on classroom uses for electronic materials."
  223. Welcome to the UCLA Asian American Studies Center Online
  224. Historical Maps of the United States
  225. Crossroads
    A K-16 American History Curriculum. With some European background information.
  226. Harcourt Brace:College Division:History:Main Page
    Interesting new it offers material not usually available. If you use the book and teach K-12-16 or AP US History, they offer an online test resource for the current text. Keyed to the chapter, you can select up to 150 test questions for viewing and quizzing online. You need a password to download for offline use.
  227. Foreign Policy Home page
    See the Programs link, which offers the use of articles from FOREIGN POLICY magazine to teachers. Links to Related Sites includes a fine listing of related areas.
  228. History Lesson by - Navy, Marine Corps, Army. and Air Force History
  229. Historical Income and Poverty Tables
  230. The Promised Land Learning Community
    See the information categories in the Teacher/Learning section.
  231. Historical Demographic, Economic and Social Data of the US
  232. IPUMS
    Includes 23 high-precision individual-level samples of the United States population censuses from 1850 to 1990.
  233. American Civilization II
    HIST 18 American Civilization II (Schoenherr) Lecture outlines.
  234. C-SPAN School Bus
    Following Tocqueville"s route. The materials are based on the issues Tocqueville raised in 1831 (the press, money, race relations, religion and the role of government). Browse the "Democracy in the 21st Century: Teaching with Tocqueville" location and the NCSS Strands, which examines the connections made between the Tocqueville teaching modules and the ten National Council for the Social Studies recommended themes that can serve as organizing strands of the social studies curriculum. These strands include: North American Geography, Social & Cultural Issues in American Democracy, Political Issues in American Democracy, Media and the Press in American Democracy, Associations in American Democracy, Race and Gender in American Democracy, Research Methodology/Teaching Methodology. Each theme is accompanied by a key to specific NCSS objectives and to a lesson module on a separate page. This splendid organization makes it possible for social studies teachers in many areas and grade levels to select themes and modules that fit their instructional objective and schedues. Naturally, it offers the same options to students who are assigned to a portion of the program.
  235. American Studies Syllabus Library
    Essays in Teaching American Studies. See "Any Old Way You Choose It": Popular Music as an Introduction to American Studies."
  236. Margaret Sanger Papers Project: Home Page
    A project of the Department of History, New York University.
  237. Order in the Court: Juvenile Justice in the 18th Century for another example of an electronic field trip applied to American history.
  238. Fonville Winans Cajun Photography
  239. Making a Webquest
  240. Building Blocks of a WebQuest
  241. Messy Families, Warren Harding
  243. Discovery Online, Local Lore -- Vigilantes
    Archive of past "lores" -- The Yellow Rose of Texas, Black Bart, Tejano Music The Con Man of the Klondike, Johnny Ringo, A Slice of Poland in Texas.
  244. Making History on the Web: Creating On-Line Materials for Teaching U.S. History
    The site will showcase a collaborative World Wide Web site devoted to materials and strategies for teaching the history of the United States, with special emphasis on creating multi-media content -- images, sound, and animation.
  245. Cultural Maps
    An online effort to build a digital American Historical Atlas. See U.S. Territorial Maps 1775-1920 (over a dozen maps grouped by years ) and the Map Collections Online listing.
  246. Making of America
    Primary sources related to development of the U.S. infrastructure.
  247. Avalon Project at the Yale Law School
    Document archive...European/American.
  248. Sights Magazine
    An electronic guide to historic places historic sites listed by country, state and locality.
  249. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:Documents
  251. Wm. Murray's Time Page
  252. African American Art
  253. Olaudah Equiano
    The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano, or Gustavus Vassa, the African. Written by Himself,
  254. American Studies Programs
    Vast collection of articles from the American Studies Programs at The University of Virginia. See the Index of Articles.
  255. Latino History Link
  256. Worlds Greatest Speeches
    When I visited (July, 97) all of the speeches except one were from American presidents or military leaders.
  257. History Course Links--An Electronic Anthology
    A "browsing anthology" for use in class discussions.
  258. AMERICAN HISTORY 102: 1865 - Present: Lecture Notes
    Graphic and text versions of lecture notes, with links to other sites and documents.
  259. History 103 Syllabus
    Each lecture listed with suggested Web sites to visit for the topics.
  260. Social Security history Home Page
    Information-rich site Social Security Administration with many historical features, including the text of the 1935 Law, Supreme Court Rulings (1937, brief Legislative and Narrative Histories, Key Dates & Quotes and Oral Histories in the form of Video & Sound Clips. You can also link to a Detailed Chronology, SSA History, History of the Social Security Administration and offsite links (The Best of the Web for American History). Try the History "Fun & Games" link also.
  261. TIMEly Pick of the Week
    US History on the Internet.
  262. Multimedia in the U. S. History Survey
    Demo of a University course taught by by John F. Reynolds from the University of Texas at San Antonio. Be sure to see the Lecture Outlines.
  263. Historical Demographic, Economic and Social Data of the US
    Povides historical background and data from the census of 1790, 1800, 1810, 1820, 1830, 1840, 1850 and 1860. You may want to download the "Historical Background" page to change the font size for offline viewing and reading.
  264. AHA: Time Detectives
    "Your detective team is part of the Time Detectives Unit of the AHA Institute. Time Detectives identify found objects from America's past. For each assignment, you will be given a picture and a document that were brought to the Institute for identification, which we feel may be related in some way. Your job will be to discover what the objects are, where they came from, who made them, and why they are important, if they turn out to be."
  265. US History Out Loud
    Current audio files include: President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, President Lyndon Baines Johnson, Secretary of State George Marshall and President Bill Clinton.
  266. Presidential Libraries IDEA Network
  267. Modern Presidency
    TOC: Programs, Activities, Links, Forum, Products.
  268. The American Experience
    The Presidents. Also see the Modern Presidency Site for the Discovery Channel.
  269. The American Experience/TR Teacher's Guide
    Due to air October 6 and 7. The Story of Theodore Roosevelt is the premiere program of the series' ninth season.
  270. Declassified Documents Online
    A searchable index with abstracts of more than 70,000 declassified documents from the National Security Council, Department of Defense, FBI, and other government agencies.
  271. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise
  272. An Abridged History of the United States
  273. American Pastimes
    Smithsonian site and part of a larger site called Remembering Gallery.
  274. Berkley
    Curriculum unit with documents drawn from a massive archive linked to the following social studies and humanities curriculum themes: Art and literature--Social change reflected through creative expression, First Amendment rights, Labor (Factory conditions, labor unrest, violence against strikers, the Industrial Workers of the World, syndicalism, organizing for the eight-hour work day), Progressive Politics (Definition and appeal of anarchism, McKinley assassination, similarities and differences between reformers, socialists, anarchists, communists, and liberal progressives), Red Scare (Investigation of radicals and raids of their offices and organizations, arrests and deportation, vulnerability of aliens to political repression), Rise of industrialism, Immigration (Motives, aspirations and expectations; the realities of working life, Women's Rights (Critique of suffrage, women's liberation, birth control movement, motherhood and rearing of children, free love, sexuality, domestic inequality, discrimination in the workplace, World War I and Yellow Journalism.
  275. American Visions with Robert Hughes
    PBS ompanion site for a new eight-part series that tells the history of America's people and places through its art. Tour "...through three centuries of our visual culture, vividly illustrating how American painting, drawing, sculpture, architecture, and monuments convey deep messages about who we are as a nation." Scheduled for consecutive Wednesdays through June 18 at 9 p.m. (ET).
  276. The American Experience/Library/Previous Program's Websites
  277. The American Experience/Technology in America/Timeline
    This site works best with the frames version.
  278. Making of America
    "A digital library of primary sources in American social history from the antebellum period through reconstruction. The collection is particularly strong in the subject areas of education, psychology, American history, sociology, religion, and science and technology."
  279. Time American Visions -- TIME SPECIAL
    Images made by the country's artists "...inscribe our beliefs, our dreams--our story." TOC: WILDERNESS (The Sacred Mission -- Landscape becomes the national religious symbol, a sign of America's Manifest Destiny), CRAFT (Making It Straight -- The genius for "making do," for plain, direct, unfussed craftsmanship in the American grain), VISIONARIES (Seeking the Spirit -- Outside of formal religion, the transcendental urge taps into the mythic and the mystical), GRANDEUR (The Beauty of Big -- Especially in the Gilded Age, the nation loses its Puritan inhibitions about flaunting wealth), CITIES (Grit and Grids -- The rise of the urban scene brings to the fore science, Realism and heroic new technologies), MEMORY (To Shape a Past -- America acquires some history, and with it a sense of nostalgia and public commemoration), INNOVATION (Breaking the Mold -- Over and over, artists enact the American rituals of discovery, progress and renewal), THE TV SERIES (A Vivid Visual Tour -- An episode-by-episode program guide to Robert Hughes' American Visions on PBS), ENDPAPER (Scanning the Horizon -- At century's end, America's visual culture is winding down. But tomorrow is another day). Be sure to pick up the TIME CLASSROOM EDITIONS of AMERICAN VISIONS. Pathfinder/time also has an interesting guide to READING A PAINTING. Many of the questions posed could be used in a template for students to use in the critical analysis of any visual material. The materials can be reproduce freely for classroom use.
  280. American Visions
    A PBS eight-part series offering "...a glimpse of American history through the lens of its visual art, painting, sculpture, architecture and monuments." Discover " America's founders looked to the classicism of Republican Rome and 17th-century France to give the young nation a language of power and authority. Other sites that supplement the series include the Pathfinder site, AMERICAN VISIONS, and the American Visions of the same name.
  281. Welcome to the Mayflower Web Pages!
    History and Genealogy.
    Current issue. More and more parents (and grandparents) are visiting historic sites as a part of family vacations. The site had a fine index. I browsed through the article index and located an essay of the "Evil Empire", thinking that perhaps this was on the "old" Soviet Union. Instead, it displayed an article on Sparta.
  283. TheHistoryNet: Article Index
    Gateway to a large collection of articles (639), each with a summary for browsing and a link to the full text. The list is not confined to American history.
    Central Appalachian Art.
  285. DOE Openness: Human Radiation Experiments
    The Office of Human Radiation Experiments, established in March 1994, leads the Department of Energy's efforts to tell the agency's Cold War story of radiation research using human subjects.
  286. AMERICAN HISTORY 102: 1865 - Present (Humanities)
    New server location.
  287. Principio -- History Projects
    Projects by high school students using primary sources available in print and across theWWW with links in their essays to sources and Web sites.
  288. Making History on the Web: Creating On-Line Materials for Teaching U.S. History
  289. Historic Atlas Resource - North America
    Territorial Expansion of the United States (1783-1898), Territorial Expansion of the United States (1783-1853), United States after the Treaty of Paris -- 1783, Native American Tribes (1783), European Possessions Bordering the U.S. (1783), Louisiana Purchase (1800-1803), Journeys of Lewis & Clark (1804-1806), Jackson's Campaigns in Florida (1818), Territory ceded by Spain from 1810 to 1819, Texas - 1836, Oregon Country (1843-1848), The War with Mexico (1823-1846), Mexican Cession: Political Boundaries, Gadsden Purchase & Proposed Rail Routes -- 1853, Alaska and Hawaii, Slavery Through 1860, Status of Slavery in Original 13 States, Cotton Production in the American South (1790-1860), Slavery in the American South (1790-1860), Slave Crops in the American South-- 1860, Legal Status of Slavery Through 1860, The Missouri Compromise -- 1820, Compromise of 1850 -- Status of Slavery, Kansas-Nebraska Act -- 1854. Shockwave required for viewing the maps.
  290. Clements Library Collections
    Collection of primary source materials on America prior to the mid-twentieth century. "The holdings are particularly strong in the intellectual, cultural, and military history of the late colonial period, the Early Republic, and the 19th century, but are very broad and richly interconnected."
  291. Washington Historical Society
    I especially enjoyed "Women Were Everywhere" -- Female Stampeders to the Klondike and Alaska.
    Many other articles to suit your taste.
  292. Oyster Bay Historical Society Related Sites, Museum, Research Library, Tour Guide, Long Island History
  293. Yahoo! - Arts:Humanities:History:U.S. History:People:Presidents
  294. Douglass - Archives of American Public Address
    Search and review speeches and related documents: "By Speaker · By Title · Chronologically · By Controversy/Movement." This last feature is especially useful, as it lists themes in American history on the left and resources arranged chronologically on the right. Great for those who combine these approaches in teaching.
  295. Archives Home Page
    University of Central Arkansas Archives.
  296. OSCAR.COM The Official Academy Awards Web Site
    The history section was under revision when I last visited. A search tool is available for past winners.
  297. Ancestry's Social Security Death Index (SSDI) Online Search
    Offers a free search for: Social Security Death Index(Vital information for 51 million Americans), American Marriage Records(Lists nearly 75,000 American marriages before 1800), Geographic Reference Library (Identifies current and/or past names for every place in America), Early American Immigration Library (Names of those who immigrated before 1674), American Biographical Library (A sample from the CD ROM version, with biographies of nearly 2,000 prominent Americans born before 1880), Chronology of American History (A listing of more than 5,000 events in American history), Worldwide Genealogy Message Archive (Nearly 200,000 recent e-mail messages from other online genealogists in two databases: * GENNAM-L Mailing List Surname searching list and the * ROOTS-L Mailing List General genealogy discussion list).
  298. American History 102
  299. Presidents:Adams, John Quincy (1767-1848)
  300. The American Experience Main Menu
  301. Presidential Elections in Maps
    A series of maps showing state-by-state winners, along with percentage of vote received, for each election.
  302. Virtual Exhibit
    A sample of a fraction of the documents, photographs, maps and other records in the archive on the history of New York.
  303. Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
  304. List of all American Memory Collection and Topics
  305. The Fight For America: Senator Joseph McCarthy
  306. CHS Homepage/General Information
    California history, content for researchers. Current (7/99) exhibit is "The Art of History."
  307. America's Heroes AND YOU
    A Curriculum for Elementary and Junior High Schools.
  308. Modern History - A Soviet Viewpoint
    Covers the period from Middle Ages to the 1870s, various chapters of the book can be used to contrast the traditional American and the 1960s Marxist-Leninist interpretations of major historical events.
  309. ILTweb: LiveText: AHA Project
    The American History Archive Inquirer..., a constructivist, collaborative, critical inquiry "lesson plan" for the World Wide Web, and Time Detectives, a distributed constructivist problem solving project for the World Wide Web, inspired by Dalton's Archaeotype Project.
  310. Bridging the Urban Landscape: Homepage
    Over 600 historical photographs and images (with text) of Pittsburgh.
  311. Douglass: Archives of American Public Address - Home Page
    An electronic archive of American oratory and related documents. Features a chronological index of historic information from 1625 to 1975 .
  312. National History Day John Adams and the Boston Massacre, Rocky Mountain Locust Plague and The Korean Peninsula.
  313. National Museum of American Art home page
    Look for "American Kaleidoscope -- Themes and Perspectives in Recent Art" and "Lost and Found: Edmonia Lewis's 'Cleopatra' and other links to Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and their New York, Elihu Vedder's Drawings for the Rubáiyát, Secrets of the Dark Chamber: The Art of the American Daguerreotype and The White House Collection of American Crafts.
  314. Guide to the Papers of Louis Dembitz Brandeis at the University of Louisville
  315. Advanced Placement (AP) US History
  316. WHMC-Rolla HomePage
    Archive of Western historical documents.
  317. NOVA Online/Einstein Revealed
  318. Virginia Newspaper Project: Exhibits Page
  319. History Learning and Teaching @ UVic
    Offering both Canadian and American history segments.
  320. An Abridged History of the United States
    With sites such as this, perhaps those book bags will be much lighter...The U.S. History book could be a C.D., or a short notation in an assignment book with the URL of this site. Zipped or Stuffit file of the entire site is available for Windows 95, 3.x or Mac Platforms.
  321. The Great Chicago Fire and the Web of Memory
    See and read "... hundreds of images (paintings, lithographs, stereographs, photographs, all with detailed captions) and primary texts (news articles, book chapters, eyewitness accounts, poems, songs) as well as essays providing context written by Carl Smith, Northwestern University Professor.
  322. US Presidents Lists
    Listing of US Presidents sorted in a large variety of ways.. The entire database is one HTML file, so it takes some time to load.
  323. Crossroads
    A K-16 American History Curriculum: Background Material, Essays, Elementary Curriculum, Middle School Curriculum, High School Curriculum, Postsecondary Curriculum.
  324. Accessible Archives
  325. The History Place
    With a focus on American history. You won't find great depth (the pre-Revolutionary era is primarily summarized in timelines with brief text descriptions).
  326. Historical Maps of the United States
    The Perry-Castañeda Library now has a special page on historical maps of the U.S.
  327. Center for American History - Texas
    The Center's Barker Texas History collection.
  328. University of Pennsylvania Archives and Records Center
    Links to the History of the University of Pennsylvania, The Men and Women of Pennsylvania, The History of Universities and recently, Pioneer African American Mathematicians.
  329. Duke University Special Collections Library
    Over a dozen online collection of digital images, including Guides to Women's Studies Resources, Selected Materials Documenting 20th Century African-American Life, The Economists' Papers Project, Sheet Music, Guido Mazzoni Pamphlet Collection, Greek Manuscripts and past student projects using digital images from various collections.
  330. An Outline of American History
    The major content here is scanned from the pre-1994 version of An outline of American History, a booklet distributed by the United States Information Agency.
  331. The Class
    Electronic Courses in American Studies.
  332. The National Portrait Gallery
  333. The Athenaeum of Philadelphia
  334. Invention Dimension(tm)
    Features a different American inventor every week with a sketch of his or her accomplishments.
  335. Grover Cleveland Home Page
    From his childhood to his Later Career.
  336. Interactive Multimedia - Focus on American studies.
    How Can Multimedia be Incorporated into Educational Contexts?
    One of the Inventors at the site. Others include Nikola Tesla, Benjamin Franklin, Bell's Telephone and Faraday.
  338. LOC Learning Page
    "Educator's Page - Find information on primary sources, lesson plans, profession-related web sites, and answers to technical Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Tutorial - Become a historical detective. Access to collections - Find Pathfinder Pages, other links to the collections, and search help."
  339. Links to the Past: National Park Service Cultural Resources
  340. What's New at NARA
    This is a site that is constandtly expanding and growing as a resource.
  341. American Studies Electronic Crossroads
    Include is information for the international American Studies Community, experimental projects of curriculum revision in key American Studies and data on workshops and institutes to foster innovation in American Studies (especially the integration of new technolgies).
  342. [Hobo Lore]
    Working on a thematic approach to US history? A new site listed on the Humanities pages might interest you. It offers pointers to "... continuous cultural conflict between different belief systems (Hunter labels the two camps progressive and orthodox and Ransom refers to the modernists and fundamentalists).
  343. SARA Holdings
    Most of the extensive holdings available in ASCI format to download (FTP links also included). Links to the New York State Archives and Records Administration (SARA). Includes records of State government,,Canal Records, Genealogical Sources, Military Service Records, Naturalization and Related Records, Probate Records, Records Relating to Native Americans, Records Relating to the Revolutionary War, Records Relating to Women, Records Relating to World War I, Vital Records (birth, death, marriage).
  344. USA PAGE
  345. BGSU Popular Culture Library: Welcome
    Founded in 1969 to " innovative teaching and research in cultural studies. It is the largest and most comprehensive research facility in the United States dedicated exclusively to the acquisition and preservation of primary research materials on 19th and 20th century American popular culture."
  346. Special Collections and Archives
    University of Idaho Library.
  347. Best of Kennedy Assassination Web Sites
  348. American Quarterly: Index
  349. Subject-Maps in American Studies.
    Large listing -- from African American Studies to Women's Studies.
  350. CEPACS Profile
    Center for Electronic Projects in American Culture Studies (CEPACS).
  351. A Curriculum of United States Labor History for Teachers.
    This site begins with the statement that "The United States has the bloodiest history of labor of any industrialized nation on Earth." Content from the Colonial to the Present period.
  352. History Happens - Stories from American History on Music Video
  353. Grolier Online's The American Presidency
    Now includes links to Candidates for the 2000 Presidential Race.
  354. The Kansas Heritage Server Home Page
    Family and Local History.
    MCNY's NEW Weekly Big Apple History Spot. Links to:Currier & Ives: Printmakers to the American People, The Talk of the Town: Rea Irvin of The New Yorker, Berenice Abbott's Changing New York, A word from the Museum's Director, See the Currier and Ives, Life in New York (10 images), Arguing the Point (8 images), Progress of the Century (10 images), The Art of Making Money Plenty (8 images), The Happy Family (9 images), The Story of . . . (8 images), American Country Life (8 images), A Good Day's Sport (9 images), Westward the Course of Empire (8 images).
  356. Illinois Labor History Society
    From the Colonial period to the present, handouts and other accompanying materials included.
  357. An Eclectic List of Events in U.S. Labor History
    "Selections from LIFE" in which 27 LIFE photographers have chosen their most memorable picture. Each photo is accompanied by a shot of the photographer and a brief anecdote about why they feel the picture is special. Most of the pictures are from the 1930s and 40s. Some could be used by students as a base point for an examination of an era or event. for example, one shot taken at the funeral of FDR could generate a host of reports about the United States in World War II.
  359. Washington University Archives - Home Page
    Part of the Special Collections Department of the John M. Olin Library at Washington University in St. Louis, Missouri. (1853 to the present) The Archives houses manuscripts, published material, sound recordings, microfilm, film, video, and artifacts. The Archives also houses a number of manuscript collections which document the history of twentieth century St. Louis.
  360. Tulane University Special Collections
    New Orleans-based archives for jazz history, architectural history, the Civil War, Medical History, Jewish Studies, Southern politics, and other research topics. Includes the holdings of Confederate President Jefferson Davis, Confederate officials, Louisiana governors, New Orleans Mayors and members of Congress.
  361. Duke University Special Collections Library
  362. American History 102
  363. Teacher Resources
    Teaching units on Alabama history organized in ten chronological/subject areas: Creek War, 1813-1814; Settlement; Slavery; Civil War; Reconstruction; 1901 Constitution; World War I; Depression/New Deal; World War II; and Civil Rights Movement.
  364. The State Agricultural Heritage Museum
    We need to remind students that we are only a couple of generations away from a rural society, where life and the visual environment was centered on the farm and farm community.
  365. American Studies at The University of Virginia
  366. American and British History Resources
  367. History Happens - Stories from American History on Music Video
  368. Sixties
  369. American History Education resources on the Internet
    Links to newsgroups, other Web sites and classroom projects.
  370. The History Channel
    Under "Classroom Materials" - includes links to "...Blood and Iron: The Story of the German War Machine, Churchill and the Cabinet War Rooms, Freedom's Road: Slavery and the Opposition, Women At War, The Real West: Famous Women, The Lincoln Assasination, Pompeii: Buried Alive, The Mexican War, Martin Luther King, Jr. and the March on Washington, Héroes Hispanos, Cartoons Go to War" Most lesson include a list of vocabulary terms, preview/discussion/review questions and extension activities.
    New site under construction (naturally) so drop in soon to see the progress. Many of the links are currently empty.
  372. University of Minnesota
  373. Ellis Island
  374. Wm. Murray's Time Page
    The "Cycle" theory as applied to American History. Murray identifies the following cycles, each with Outer Driven Era, an Awakening Era, an Inner Driven Era, and a Crisis Era:Colonial Cycle, Revolutionary Cycle, Civil War Cycle, World War Cycle and a Present Cycle.
  375. The Radio First Termer Home Page
    Listen before you assign students. contains sound clips from a broadcast of Radio First Termer, a pirate radio station that operated in South Vietnam ca. 1971.
  376. The American Prospect Home Page
  377. Project Population
    Understanding United States History: A Study of Population. Project to involve students in the meaningful discovery of United States history by sharing what they discover as they investigate local history.
    Web page for the Humanities.
  379. MSU Vincent Voice Library
    Includes Sound Samples from US Presidents - from Cleveland to Clinton. General Sound Samples - interesting people from the past 100 years.
  380. Mike Gorman: Bell's Path the the Telephone--Home Page
    The more I visit this site, the more it reveals about the nature of science and the process in the discovery of important inventions in human history. Anyone know of an alternate site that traces a discovery? Students could then be assigned to do a comparison/contrast. This site could also generate a great deal of discussion about the nature of research and science, about method(s) of knowing.
  381. History Readings
    From the Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities.
  382. Friends and Partners
    Information service on Russia jointly developed by the people of Russia and the Unites States.
  383. The American Experience Home Page
    See the Archive for a listing of many of the programs. This is an impressive site with a host of units for use in the classroom. Look for two programs in the series toward the end of July 98 - both on World War II (D-Day and the Battle of the Bulge).
  384. Helping Your Child Learn History
    This is a starter for a parent handout -- a government publication, with activities for children aged 4-11).
  385. MMTLC Home Page
    From the University of Texas at El Paso. Multimedia Teaching and Learning Center -- a campus-wide project to create a digital image of the glass photographic negative collection of Ben Wittick, an early Southwest photographer. The collection at the Centennial Museum consist of about 600 glass photographic negatives.
  386. The 1995-1996 AP US History Essay Review Project
    Seven topics currently online...many with multiple reviews.
  1. HSSC Home Page
    Historical Society of Southern California.
  2. Chicago Historical Society
  3. California History Teachers’ Discussion List
  4. Nebraska State Historical Society Home Page
  5. The Making of America Project
    Journals collection from Cornell University Library.
  6. NCSS Publications: Bulletins and Books
    ENHANCING SOCIAL STUDIES THROUGH LITERACY STRATEGIES Judith L. Irvin, John P. Lunstrum, Carol Lynch-Brown, Mary Friend Shepard Bulletin No. 91, 73pp., 1995. This Bulletin provides a "Selected Narrative Literature by U.S. Historical Eras" and some relating to World History. The above link will take you to NCSS's description of the full Bulletin.
  7. History magazine of NE Oregon - Signal Mountain
  8. American Studies in the Secondary Schools Resource Guide -- Table of Contents
    Initiating Highroads to "...foster discussions and interaction among those involved with American Studies at the secondary level, especially teachers, program directors, school librarians, and other interested parties."
  9. American Studies Electronic Crossroads
  10. SiteScene -- Reviews of New American Studies Sites
    Offering a Biweekly Review of New Electronic Resources in American Studies. Reviewed resources are linked to the American Studies Web. Visit the online forum on Reconstructing the American Studies Web.
  11. APUSHomePage
  12. History Learning and Teaching @ UVic
    A recent visit produced an intereting page on topics in American history from a Hispanic/Latino perspective.
  13. Bergen County Historical Society
  14. Chicago Historical Society
    See "X Marks the Spot: Chicago Gang Wars in Pictures" under "Current Projects"
  15. Neighborhoods:Introduction
    Documents the history of four Chicago neighborhoods: Douglas/Grand Boulevard, Rogers Park/West Ridge, Pilsen/Little Village, and Near West Side/East Garfield Park. dd"These neighborhoods reflect a broad range of experiences and represent old and new immigrant and migrant groups, over forty spoken languages, diverse racial and ethnic perspectives, class stratification, numerous religious affiliations, and multiple political, social, and economic agendas. Collectively, the stories of these neighborhoods are a microcosm of contemporary social issues and the historical processes that have shaped our nation's urban landscape."
  16. Oregon State Archives Public Information Server
  17. Adirondack History Journal
    History links, photos and maps.
  18. Dept of State - Office of the Historian
  19. Beyond the Frame
    "Designed for middle and secondary school students, Beyond the Frame focuses on eight works of art from Smithsonian museums. It includes eight lesson plans, forty activities, handout sheets for students, and full-color fold-outs."
  20. Puck's Homepage
    Puck's Role in Guilded Age Politics.
  21. The Journal of American History
    Some print publications have placed considerable content on their Web site. Here is one that have been very conservative, but at least you can browse the TOC and some author information.
  22. East Tennessee Historical Society
  23. The New England Historical Association (NEHA)
  24. Organization of American Historians
  25. JSTOR: The Journal of American History
  26. Navigating the Crossroads Website
    Communities, Curriculum, Technology & Learning, Reference & Research.
  27. MHS Home Page
    Minnesota Historical Society. See the growing collection of phographic images photographs, with 100,000 of the approximately 250,000 photographs in the Society's collection searchable and about 15% of those with a corresponding digital image.
  28. Indiana Historical Society
    Traveling Exhibits(a segment of the page): African-American Businesses in Indianapolis, Auto Indiana: Celebrating the Automobile in Indiana, Building on Faith: Churches in the Indianapolis Black Community, Century of Progress Homes from the 1933 World's Fair in Chicago, The Business of Exposure: Lewis Hine and Child Labor Reform Photographs, Caretakers of the Future: Our Children, Ourselves (Roles of children growing up in the black community), Don't You Know There's a War On? The Indiana Home Front during World War II, Gene Stratton-Porter: Novelist and Naturalist, The Golden Age: Indiana Literature (1880-1920), Hoosier Family Album (Early amateur photography documents everyday occurrences in Hoosier's lives), The Hoosier Centennial (A Look Back at the 1916 Celebration), Hoosier Melodies (Indiana's extraordinary musical heritage), Indiana Cartoons and Cartoonists, Indiana through the Mapmaker's Eye, Strike Up the Band! Musical Groups in Indiana, Who Do You Think You Are? (Indiana's ethnic heritage).
  29. Kentucky Historical Society
  30. John F. Kennedy Library Home Page
    One of nine presidential libraries administered by the National Archives and Records Administration of the United States government. See the Summary of the listings.
  31. WWICS: The Wilson Quarterly magazine
    Selected articles on line and short summaries of articles in the current issue.
  32. Rutgers-New Brunswick History Department Website
    See the excellent collection to oral history resources for World War II.
  33. Appalachian Center at Univ. of Kentucky
    A University of Kentucky outreach program with Appalachian communities in a program of research, instruction, and service.
  34. Chicago Historical Society
    Current exhibits on: The Last Best Hope of Earth: Abraham Lincoln and the Promise of America, Parades, Protests, Politics: Chicago's Political Conventions.
  35. State Historical Society of Iowa Home Page
  36. Arizona Department of Library, Archives and Public Records
  37. The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History
    See the sections on: The Origins and Nature of New World Slavery Syllabus, Slavery Bibliography, Part I, Slavery Bibliography, Part II, Excerpts from Slave Narratives, WPA Life Histories.
  38. United States Information Service
  39. Table of Contents: National Standards for United States History

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Last revised February 9, 2001

For suggestions on sites to add and possible lessons and applications, contact Dennis Boals -

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